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Changes will be changes on a monthly basis to reflect HOMEFRONT & WAR NEWS & EVENTS as seen by the British Public in their daily newspapers throughout the war year.

 

1939

November 1st 

Holland proclaims  state  of  siege  in  certain  areas  along  frontiers  and in  military  inundation  zones.  German  heavy  artillery  begin  shelling  French  fortifications and  villages  behind  them . R.A.F.  Make reconnaissance flights over North West Germany.

November 2nd

Two German  aeroplanes  brought down over  Western  Front  Germans using  shock  troops  for raids on  French  lines.  French patrols active between rivers Blies and Rhine.

November 3rd

Third series of talks between Russia and Finland begin.  Roosevelt’s Neutrality Bill passed by U.S. Senate and House of Representatives Allied Contraband Control has now detained over 500,000 tons.

November 4th 

Huge orders for war supplies confirmed in America. Norwegian  Admiralty announces  that  City   of  Flint  has arrived  at  Haugesund  and  German  prize  crew  has  been  interned.  French ship “Baoule” reported sunk.

November 5th 

City of Flint reaches Bergen.  German  Government  protest against  release of vessel  and internment  of Swedish  Government  protest  against  extension  of German  minefields  along  their  coasts.

November 6th 

Nine enemy aircraft brought down over Western Front in fight between 27 German and nine French fighters.  King Leopold arrives at The Hague to confer with Queen Wilhelmina.  R.A.F.  Aircraft secure valuable photographs over western Germany.

November 7th 

Queen  Wilhelmina  and King  Leopold issue  joint  appeal  for  peace  and offer their  services  as  mediators. Admiralty  announces  engagement  in North Sea  between  certain  of our light  forces  and  German  aircraft .  No ship damaged.  Air Ministry announces air actions over North Sea.  Enemy aircraft approaches Shetlands but are driven off.

November 8th 

Attempt made on Hitler’s life by bomb explosion in Munich Buergerbrau   beer cellar.  Where shortly before, he was making a speech. new  Zealand  pilot  in  French  brings down  German  machine  after  duel  at  height  of  five  miles. In fight over North Sea between three German and two British aircraft one Heinkel seaplane is shot down.  Three German attacks on Western Front repulsed.

November 9th

Anxiety caused by great German activity near Dutch frontier. Increased activity between Rhine of Moselle. Nazi press accuses Britain of responsibility for Munich bomb explosion.

November 10th 

R.A.F. Fighters destroy enemy flying boat off East Coast.  Admiralty announces that H.M.S.  Rover must be considered lost with crew of 27. Holland starts flooding inundation areas.

November 11th

The Queen broadcasts message to Women of the Empire. R.A.F.  Fly over north east French. Germany repeats assurance that neutrality of Holland and Belgium will be respected.

November 12th 

The King and French President reply to Dutch Belgian peace appeal. Soviet Government issues statement of dissatisfaction with Finnish negotiations.

November 13th

Two air attacks made on Shetlands, bombs are dropped but do no damage.  German machines reach Paris but are driven off.  Air activity on both sides of Western Front.  Finnish delegation leaves Moscow without any agreement being reached. British steamer “Ponzano” reported torpedoed.

November 14th

Admiralty announces loss through German mine of H.M.S.  “Blanche” and of trawler “Cresswell” by U Boat shelling.  Norwegian tanker “Arna Kjode” reported torpedoed.

November 15th 

Ribbentrop  informs  Belgian  Ambassador  and Dutch  Minister in Berlin  that as a result  of  “blunt   rejection”   of    peace    appeal  by Britain and  French  . Germany considers matter closed British steamer “Wood town” reported mined.

November 16th 

British ship “Africa Shell” sunk by German raider off Portuguese East Africa. British steamer “Arlington court” was torpedoed.

November 17th  

Enemy plane flies over North West England and another over Shetlands. No bombs dropped Nine Czech students executed following riots in Bohemia.  Czech universities closed down for three years.

November 18th

Martial Law declared in Prague and other Czech towns. Dutch liner   “Simon Bolivar” sunk by German mine. Enemy aircraft reported of East Coast and Firth of Forth area.

November 19th 

Six enemy aircraft sighted off South East Coast and others over Firth of Forth   area.  Grenade attacks on Western Front. British steamer   “Pensilva” torpedoed. Five   more ships reported sunk by German mines. British “Blackhall” and “Torchbearer” Swedish “B. O. Borjesson” Italian “Grazia” and Yugoslav “Carica Millica”.  Lithuanian vessel “Kaunas” reported sunk by mine near Zeebrugge. Reported that 120 Czech students have been executed following riots on Independence Day.

November 20th

German air raiders seen over South East England are chased out to sea by British fighters. One Heinkel bomber shot down. Enemy plane appears over Orkneys. German machines fly over wide area of France.  British trawler “Wigmore” reported sunk.

November 21st

“H.M.S. Rawalpindi” sunk off coast of Iceland by “Deutschland” and another enemy warship.  Gestapo  announces  arrest of man  alleged  to  be  responsible  for  Munich  explosion  and two British   confederates. “H.M.S. Gipsy” strikes mine off East Coast, but is later beached.  Japanese liner “Terukuni Maru” mined. Premier announces blockade reprisals for Germany’s violations of marine law. R.A.F.  Fighters shoot down a Dornier 17 off Deal. Enemy aircraft appear over East Coast Sutherland and Orkneys. Minesweeper “Mastiff” reported mined.  Air  engagements  over  Western  Front  in which  several  enemy  planes  are shot  down. Three trawlers “Thomas Hankins”. “Delphine” and “Sea Sweeper”, reported sunk by enemy action.

November 22nd 

French decides upon reprisal measures against German sea warfare.  Six German aircraft make bombing attack on Shetlands R.A.F.  Seaplane at it moorings set on fire. Enemy aircraft appear over East   Coast   and Thames estuary. Nazi plane shot down off South East Coast. six German  aircraft  shot down  by Allied  planes  over French  territory  another  by  anti  aircraft  fire.  Paris announces two U Boats sunk by French torpedo boat.

November 23rd

Admiralty  states that minesweeper  “Aragonite”   has been  sunk by mines dropped  by  parachute  from  German  seaplanes  over Thames  estuary  and   S.E. Coastal  waters. Six vessels reported sunk by enemy action around British coasts.  British steamers “Geraldus” “Lowland”, “Darino” and trawler “Sulby” Greek steamer “Elena R”.  French trawler “Saint Claire” R.A.F. in France brings down seven enemy bombers.  Steamer “Hookwood” mined.

November 24th

Enemy aircraft make two raids over Shetlands. No bombs dropped. British steamer “Mangalore” mined. Paris announces that small submarine chaser has sunk a U Boat.

November 25th

Two bombing attacks by German aircraft are made on H.M.  Ships in the North Sea. No hits obtained. Enemy aircraft seen over Orkneys and Shetlands.  R.A.F.   Fly over North West Germany including Heligoland. German liner “Adolph Woermann” scuttled.

November 26th 

Polish liner “Pilsudski” under charter to British Navy sunk U Boat. Russia  alleges  incident  on  frontier  in  Kareelian  Isthmus,  and demands  withdrawal  of troops.

November 27th

Finnish Government deny incident but suggest mutual withdrawal of troops. Paris   reports local artillery and infantry engagement east of Moselle.  Dutch liner “Sparndam” mined.

November 28th  

R.A.F.  Fighters attack with machine guns five seaplanes lying at their base at Borkum.  Friesian Islands Soviet    Government denounces Treaty of Non Aggression with Finland and alleges two more incidents on frontier.  British steamers “Uskmouth and Rubislaw” sunk by enemy action. 

November 29th

Enemy bomber shot down by British patrols bring down Dornier seaplane over North Sea. Russia severs diplomatic relations with Finland. British steamer “Ionian” sunk

November 30th

Soviet Union attacks Finland by land, sea, and air.  Finnish Government resigns.  Enemy   aircraft chased out to sea north of Firth of Forth.  Paris reports that French torpedo boat has sunk a U Boat. British steamer Sheaf Crest mined.

1940

November 1st

Big Italian attack launched from Koritza towards Florina. Violent artillery duel on Epirus front Athens raided for first time. R.A.F. bomb Berlin, Magdeburg, Essen, Osnabruck, and 15 aerodromes. Enemy lose 18 aircraft over Britain, we lose 7.

November 2nd

Italians marching on Janina after crossing River Kalamas. Greeks occupying new heights in AIbanian territory. Enemy bombers raid Salonika, killing 200 civilians, and Corfu Patras and Janina. Nazis lose 10 aircraft over Britain. Submarine “Taku” sinks large enemy tanker.

November 3rd

British troops now in Greek territory, supported by Navy and R.A.F.  Greek troops reported to have encircled Koritza, after taking 1,200 prisoners. R.A.F. Attack Kiel and targets at Naples. One night raider destroyed.

November 4th

Two Italian submarines reported sunk. Armed merchant cruisers “Laurentic” and “Patroclus” reported sunk by U Boat. R.A.F. bomb ports on E. coast of Italy, including Bari and Brindisi. Greeks reported to have cut off 30,000 Italians near Janina. Night raids over London and elsewhere.

November 5th

Convoy of 38 British ships including liner “Rangitiki”  attacked by surface raider in Atlantic , escort cruiser “Jervis Bay”  sunk after fighting heroic action. R.A.F. bombs Emden, Bremerhaven, Bremen, Hamburg, and many aerodromes and Channel ports. Greeks occupy new heights in Albania. Day and night raids over Britain. Enemy lose 7 aircraft Britain 5.

November 6th

Greeks advance in Koritza area but withdraw in Epirus. Heavy raids on Southampton by day and on London by night. Nazis lose 6 aircraft, Britain 4.  British retake Gallabat on Sudan Abyssinian frontier. R.A.F.  Bomb many industrial targets in Germany.

November 7th

R.A.F. heavily bomb industrial targets in the Ruhr, shipping at Dunkirk, Lorient and many aerodromes. Large formations of day raiders driven off. Intensive night raids on London Home Counties and elsewhere. Nazis lose 8 aircraft Britain 5.

November 8th

British steamer “Empire Dorado” sunk by sea raider. R.A.F. bomb targets in Germany, including Munich, and war factories at Turin and Milan. Intense attack on Lorient. Enemy dive bombers attack shipping off E. and S.E. coasts. 17. Destroyed. One ship sunk, another damaged.

November 9th

Two supply ships reported sunk by submarine “Sturgeon” Venezia Division of Alpini cut off in Pindus area. Widespread night raids on Britain. Enemy lose 7. Aircraft. R.A.F.  Attack Lorient, Boulogne and Calais. Death of Mr Chamberlain.

November 10th

Italians attack across R. Kalamas but are repelled. Libreville, Gabon, surrenders to Free French. Announced that aircraft of “Ark Royal” attacked Cagliari, Sardinia. Other naval forces sink three ships in convoy and damage two others. R.A.F. attack Boulogne, Calais, and many other targets. Day and night raids on Britain. Submarine H. 49. Considered lost.

November 11th

Battle of Taranto, in which Italy lose three battleships, two cruisers and two Fleet auxiliaries. Italian aircraft attempt to attack shipping in Thames Estuary, 13. Destroyed. Thirteen German planes also shot down.

November 12th

R.A.F. bomb places in Ruhr docks at Flushing and Dunkirk, Lorient and many aerodromes. Durazzo raider. Strong night attacks on London, Merseyside, and Midlands.

November 13th

R.A.F.  Bomb Berlin, Cologne and many other places in Germany. Greeks capture new line of heights in Albania. Six raiders shot down over Britain. Sir R. Brooke Popham appointed C. in C.  Far East.

November 14th

Coventry devastated by night bombers. London and other districts also raided. Enemy lose 19 aircraft General Greek advance. Heavy air attack on Berlin, Hamburg, Bremen and 26 aerodromes.

November 15th

London suffers heaviest night attack of War. Enemy lose 20 aircraft. Five H.M.  Minesweepers reported lost. R.A.F. bomb Hamburg, Kiel, and coast targets from Norway to W. France.

November 16th

Italians retreating in Pindus sector and on Epirus front. Daylight raids on Cologne and Bremen. Night attacks on Hamburg, and Antwerp. Hebrides attacked for first time. Heavy night raids on South Coast town. Five raiders destroyed. Air Marshal A. S. Barratt appointed to newly created R.A.F. Army Cooperation Command.

November 17th

Admiralty announce naval bombardment of Mogadishu, It Somaliland. R.A.F.  Make large scale day attack on German invasion ports. Night raids on the Ruhr, Lorient, and aerodromes. Other forces attack Brindisi, Elbasan, Benghazi, Tobruk, and Massawa. Enemy lose 14 aircraft in day and night raids on Britain. 5. British fighters lost.

November 18th

Violent fighting around Koritza. West Country town suffers many day raids. Widespread night raids on Britain. 5. British fighters lost.

November 19th

Light naval forces sink German E. Boat. Submarine “Rainbow” reported lost. R.A.F. bomb Skoda works at Pilsen. Berlin, ports and industrial centres in N.W. Germany, Lorient, and Barfleur. Birmingham has nine hour night raid.

November 20th

New Greek offensive on wide front. Hungary joins tripartite pact. R.A.F.  Make large scale attack on Duisburg Ruhrort. Other forces bomb Lorient, and Channel ports. Airfields in Libya and East Africa heavily attacked. Night raiders over many parts of Britain.

November 21st

Italians abandon Koritza and retreat to Elbasan and Pogradets. General Greek advance in Epirus. Air Marshal O.T. Boyd interned in Sicily after forced landing. Day and night raids over Britain.

November 22nd

Italians retreat continues. Greeks capture much war material. R.A.F. makes intensive attack on Merignac aerodrome, near Bordeaux. Many raids over Germany. Intense 11 hour night attack on West Midland town.

November 23rd

Greek advance continues along whole front. Three day raids over S.E.  England. At night Southampton has its heaviest raid. Spitfire squadron routs 20 Italian fighters over Straits of Dover, shooting down seven without loss. Four German raiders also destroyed. R.A.F. attack Berlin, Leipzig, targets in the Ruhr, and many aerodromes. Other forces bomb Turin. Rumania and Slovakia join Axis.

November 24th

Greeks capture Moscopole and Konispol. Bristol heavily attacked at night. R.A.F.  Make extensive raids on invasion ports, Hamburg, Wilhelmshaven, Den Helder, aerodromes seaplane bases and other targets. Heavy attack on Durazzo. Another on Assab.

November 25th

Greek advance continues along entire front. R.A.F.  Raid Kiel, Wilhelmshaven, Hamburg and Willemsoord. Assab again bombed. Four raiders destroyed over Britain.

November 26th

R.A.F.  Make large scale attack on Cologne. Other forces bomb Berlin, Rotterdam, Flushing, Antwerp, Calais, Boulogne, and Turin. Valona harbour, Albania, heavily raided. Bristol attacked by day and night. 4 raiders destroyed.

November 27th

Naval Battle of Cagliari off Sardinia in which enemy battleship cruiser and two destroyers are damaged. Heavy night raid on Plymouth. Enemy lose 11 aircraft, Britain 2.  R.A.F.  Make intense night attack on Cologne. Other forces bomb Channel ports.

November 28th

Greeks occupy heights overlooking Argyrokastro. R.A.F. Very active in Albania. Day and night raids on Britain, Merseyside has its heaviest attack. 6. Raiders shot down, we lose 7, Fighters. R.A.F.  Bomb Dusseldorf, Mannheim, Politz, Stettin, Cuxhaven, and Channel ports.

November 29th

Naval engagement in Channel damaged enemy ships pursued to Brest.  H.M.S.  “Javelin” hit by aerial torpedo but reaches port. Greek advance continues despite Italian reinforcements. Day and night raids in London Home Counties. Enemy loses 5, aircraft Britain 2.  R.A.F.  Bomb Bremen, Cologne, Hamburg, Boulogne and Le Havre.

November 30th

Greeks capture Pogradets and close in on Argyrokastro. Heavy fighting along whole front. Intense night raid on Southampton, causing great destruction. Enemy lose 5, aircraft, Britain 2.

1941

November 1st

 Air raids on Merseyside and south coast (6 night raiders destroyed) Germans capture Simferopol.

November 3rd

R.A.F. raids on Dunkirk Ostend. The Ruhr and Rhineland. Germans reach Black Sea Coast.

November 5th

Mr Sabiro Kurusu appointed additional Japanese envoy to Washington.

November 6th

H.M. corvette “Gladiolus “lost. M. Litvinov appointed Soviet Ambassador to Washington.

November 7th

Very Large R.A.F. bomber force attacks Berlin Cologne and Mannheim. 37 of our bombers lost.

November 9th

Royal Navy destroys two enemy convoys off Taranto, and sinks 3 Italian destroyers. German claim capture of Yalta.

November 10th

Loss of H.M.S. “Cossack” announced Mr Churchill states that parity with Germany in the air has been achieved. Germans claim capture of Tikhvin.

November 12th

Gondar with a garrison of 10,000 encircled.

November 13th

United States Neutrality Act revised. H.M.S. “Ark Royal” torpedoed off Gibraltar; sinks next day while under tow.

November 14th

Loss of H.M.S. “Ark Royal” (see 13th). Russian drive back Germans at Tula and Kalinin. Russians bomb Konigsberg and Riga.

November 15th

Canadian reinforcements reach Hongkong.

November 16th

Germans claim capture of Kerch

November 17th

British Commando raid on German H.Q. in Libya.

November 18th

General Sir Alan Brooke appointed C.I.G.S.  Lieut- Gen. B.C.T. Paget becomes C. in C.  Home Forces Imperial forces in Libya open an offensive on line Sollum – Jarabub.

November 19th

British units capture Sidi Rezegh. H.M.A.S. “Sydney” sinks enemy raider “Kormoran” off Australian coast but is she lost with all hands.

November 20th

Great tant battle with Rommel’s forces around Sidi Rezegh.

November 21st

Tobruk garrison makes a sortie to join Imperial troops near Sidi Rezegh.

November 22nd

H.M.S. “Devonshire” sinks German raider in South Atlantic. German enters Rostov.

November 24th

New Zealanders capture Gambut.  Russians begin a counter offensive in Rostov region.

November 25th

Rommel sends raiding tank column over Egyptian frontier; then turns W. to attack our forces in rear. Germans launch new attack upon Moscow.

November 26th

Major General Ritchie takes over command of 8th Army from General Cunningham. Tobruk garrison advances to El Duda and joins advance units of 8th Army near Sidi Rezegh early on 27th. Marshal Timoshenko advances 70 miles in Ukraine.

November 27th

Gondar surrenders.

November 28th

Britain sends ultimatums to Finland. Hungary. And Rumania. Soviet. Forces recapture Rostov; Von Kleist’s army retreats towards Taganrog.

November 29th

In Libya British mechanized forces advance to the coast south of Benghazi. H.M. submarines “Tigris “and “Trident” sink 8. Enemy supply ships in Arctic waters.

November 30th  

Germans penetrate corridor between Tobruk and Sidi Rezegh. Malta has its 1,000th air raid alert.

1942

November 1st

Russian counter offensive in Stalingrad factory area .on Guadalcanal, U.S. Marines advanced two miles to the west.

November 2nd

Russians evacuated Nalchik (Caucasus). In Egypt. 8th Army launched heavy offensive with strong tank support, great tank battle raged throughout the day round Tel–el Aqqaqir (The Hill of the Wicked) Australians recaptured Kokoda (New Guinea)

November 3rd

In Stalingrad, enemy launched five unsuccessful attacks. In heavy night fighting British armoured units took Tel el Aqqaqir Eighth army advanced steadily during the day.

November 4th

Russians repulsed more fierce attacks in Stalingrad. Axis forces in the Western Desert in full retreat.

November 5th

Repeated enemy attacks in Stalingrad. Repulsed with heavy losses. Armistice signed by British and Vichy authorities ended Madagascar hostilities.

November 6th

Large German infantry and tanks attacks in Stalingrad factory area repulsed. Concentrated night attack on Genoa by strong force of bombers.

November 7th

Germans driven from two strong points in Stalingrad, enemy attack smashed south east of Nalchik. Even heavier air attack on Genoa.

November 8th

Five Lille steelworks and Abbeville airfield bombed strong opposition. Mersa Matruh recaptured, no enemy forces of any importance left in Egypt. Strong American forces under Lt-Gen. Eisenhower landed at midnight of November 7th–8th in Algeria and French Morocco.  Algiers occupied.

November 9th

Naval engagement off Casablance in which French battleship “Jean Bart” was damaged, Vichy broke off diplomatic relations with U.S.A.  Chinese captured positions near Tsincheng (S Shansi)

November 10th

Sidi Barrani recaptured. Knighthood conferred on LT Gen B. L. Montgomery also promoted full general Oran and Mers–el Kebir occupied and all effective Vichy resistance ended in Algeria, Safi Fedhala and Mehdia in Morocco occupied

November 11th

Axis   troops began occupation of Vichy France (except Toulon) Halfaya Pass (Egypt) captured Admiral Darlan ordered cessation of French resistance in North Africa. Capture of Oivi (New Guinea) by Allies.

November 12th

Eighth Army occupied Bardia and Sollum. British and U.S. forces landed at Bone (Algeria).

November 13th

Eighth Army retook Tobruk and Gazala.

November 14th

Bitter hand to hand fighting in Stalingrad. Eighth Army reached Tmimi, no effective enemy rearguard action. Axis forces landed at Bizerta (Tunisia) Allied reinforcements landed at Bone. Wairopi (New Guinea) recaptured by Australians.

 November 15th

Eighth Army occupied Martuba. In the Solomons, a three day naval battle (13th – 15th) resulted in enemy loss of two battleships, eight cruisers, six destroyers and twelve troop transports.

November 17th

Derna and Mekili (Libya) occupied by 8th Army. Hutoukang (E. Honan) recaptured by Chinese.

November 18th

British First Army entered Tunisia, 8th Army at Cyrene.

November 19th 

Germans severely defeated near Ordzonikidze (Caucasus.)

November 20th

Enemy in full retreat from Otdzonikidze. Turin heavily attacked by home based bombers. Eighth Army occupied Benghazi. Bitter fighting in Buna Gona area (New Guinea)

November 21st

 Mingalodon and Toungoo airfields (Burma) heavily attacked by R.A.F.

November 22nd

Powerful Red Army offensive on Stalingrad front announced. Stuttgart heavily bombed at night. Heavy day and nights raids by R.A.F.  On Akyab and Magwe airfields (Burma)

November 23rd

Rapid advance of Red Army on the Don. Eighth Army occupied Ajedabia and Jalo. Hankow docks fired by U.S. Dive bombers.

November 24th

25 mile advance by Red Army North West of Stalingrad, three German divisions captured with their commanders near Kletskaya.

November 27th

British 1st Army occupied Medjez el Bab (Tunisia) Toulon entered by Germans most of French warships three scuttled. Strong U.S. bomber formations bombed Canton docks.

November 28th

Continued advance of Red Army on all sectors of Don- Stalingrad front. Kletskaya recaptured. R.A.F. used 8,000 lb bombs for the first time in heavy raid on Turin. Airfields in Burma bombed by R.A.F.

November 29th

Further Red Army advances near Stalingrad. Djedeida captured by 1st Army (Tunisia) Attu (Aleutians) reoccupied by Japanese

November 30th

Japanese landing on Guadalcanal prevented by U.S. Navy tast forces 16 Japanese warships three transports sunk. One U.S. cruiser sunk.

1943

November 1st.

Russians recaptured Perekpo and Armiansk. R.A.F. damaged over 200 river craft along           Irrawaddy (Burma). U.S. Marines land on Bougainville; Japanese cruiser and 4 destroyers sunk on engagement off Empress Augusta Bay (Solomons).

November 2nd

Heavy attack by U.S.A.  15th A.F. on Wiener – Neustadt (Austria)

November 3rd

U.S.A. 8th A.F. made biggest raid of war to date on Wilhelmshaven, shattering night attack by Bomber Command on Duesseldorf.  5th Army captured Sessa Aurunca (Italy)

November 4th

U.S.  Troops crossed Upper Volturno, 8th Army captured Isernia (Italy)

November 5th

British troops crossed the Garigliano (Italy). U.S.A. 10th A. F. heavily bombed Akyab (Arakan)

November 6th

Kiev capital of Ukraine carried by assault by Red Army.

November 6th -7th

(Night) Japanese troops landed on Bougainville (Solomons).

November 7th

1st Ukrainian Army recaptured Fastoy. 8th Army reached the Sangro River (Italy).

November 8th

1st Ukrainian Army recaptured over 60 localities including Makarov. Turin heavily bombed by day.

November 9th

Red Army recaptured Borodianka and Leonovka.  8th Army captured Castiglione, Genoa and Villar Perosa heavily bombed (Italy). Agreement to establish UNRRA signed by 44 nations in Washington. General de Gaulle becomes sole president of French Committee of National Liberation.

November 10th

1st Ukrainian Army recaptured Ivankovo and Mirovka, Soviet marines landed in Crimea. Bomber Command night attack on Modane (France).

November 11th

1st Ukrainian Army recaptured over 100 places including Brusilov. Bomber Command made heavy night attack on Cannes (France). Successful attack by 200 Allied Liberators on Rabaul; Japanese cruiser and 2 destroyers sunk, cruiser and 11 destroyers probably sunk 88 enemy planes destroyed for loss of 17 Allied planes.

November 12th

Strong German parachute forces landed in Leros (Dodecanese). American troops withdrawn from Choiseul (Solomons).

November 16th

Large formation of U.S. bombers attacked Knaben molybdenum mines and Ryukan power station (Norway).  Italian garrison on Leros surrendered. U.S. bombers attacked Hongkong and Swatow (China).

November 17th

German counter attack launched in Kiev bulge (U.S.S.R.). At night heavy concentrated attack by Bomber Command on Ludwigshafen (Germany).

November 18th

Recaptured of Rezhitza and Korosten by Red Army. Bomber Command made simultaneous major attacks on Berlin and Ludwigshafen (Germany). Yugoslav partisans announced capture of Jankovac.

November 19th

Heavy night attack by Bomber Command on Leverkusen (Germany). British made first crossing of Sangro River (Italy).

November 21st

Yugoslav partisans reported capture of Foca (Bosnia).

November 22nd

British and Canadian bombers dropped 2,300 tons of bombs on Berlin at night.

November 22nd – 26th

Cairo Conference (Roosevelt, Churchill, Chiang Kai – shek).

November 23rd

Second successive night attack in force by Bomber Command on Berlin (1,500 tons). U.S. troops captured Makin and Betio (Gilbert Islands)

November 24th

8th Army crossed Sangro for five miles inland from Adriatic (Italy). Heavy daylight attack by N.W.A.A.F.  On Toulon (France)

November 25th

Strong Bomber Command force made sharp concentrated night raid on Frankfort- on – Main. Changteh inverted by Japanese (China). Four Japanese destroyers sunk, one damaged in Solomon’s engagement.

November 26th

Russians reoccupied Gomel. 1,000 U.S. aircraft attacked Bomber Command on Berlin and Stuttgart. Australians captured Sattelberg (New Guinea).

November 27th – 28th

Attacks by U.S.A. 10th A.F. on Rangoon (Burma).

November 28th

8th Army launched an offensive from Sangro Bridge – head (Italy).

November 28th – December 1st

Teheran Conference (Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill).

November 29th

Violent German attacks with strong armoured forces in Kiev salient. Heavy daylight attack on Bremen by U.S.  Fortresses. Australians captured Bonga and Gusika (New Guinea).

November 30th

Russians evacuated Korosten. U.S. Fortresses bombed Solingen (Germany).

1944

November 1st

British landed at Flushing and Westkapelle (Walcheren); Canadians entered Knocke–le–Zoute, liberated Sluis. Kecskement (fifth city of Hungary) fell to Red Army. British patrols reached Salonika. Britain Home Guard stood down. Civil Aviation Conference opened at Chicago.

November 2nd

Royal Navy minesweepers cleared a channel in Scheldt.  Royal Marine Commando took Zoutelande, near Flushing. U.S. 1st Army attacked in Hurtgen Forest. U.S.A.A.F. heavily bombed Leuna oil plants.  Major R.A.F. raid on Dusseldorf. Tito’s forces liberated Zara (Dalmatia). British 36th Division took Mawlu (N. Burma).

November 3rd

Domburg (Walcheren) fell to Royal Marines. N. Beveland occupied. Canadians captured Heyst. U.S.A. 20th A. F. attacked Rangoon. Lt Gen Sir Oliver Leese transferred to S.E.A.C.  Lt Gen McCreery to command 8th Army.

November 4th

Flushing cleared except for snipers. Red Army took Szolnok, S.E. of Budapest.  British troops landed near Salonika. Aircraft of U.S. 3rd Fleet attacked Manila, destroying 440 enemy planes. Death of Field Marshal Sir John Dill in Washington.

November 5th

Polish troops liberated Geertruidenberg (Holland). U.S. 24th Division on Leyte captured Pinamopon. India bases U.S. aircraft bombed Singapore and Sumatra without loss. Lord Moyne assassinated in Cairo.

November 6th

R.A.F. Gave Gelsenkirchen its heaviest attack to date (by day). British patrols in Greece reached Yugoslav border. Tito’s troops freed Bitolj (Monastir). In Moscow speech Stalin described Pearl Harbour attack as work of “aggressor” nation.

November 7th

British and Canadians occupied Veere and Middelburg (last German stronghold on Walcheren). Willemstad (W. of Moerdyk) captured. Indian troops of 5th Army took San Ruffillo on Florence – Forli Road.  President Roosevelt elected for 4th term.

November 8th

R.A.F. heavily attacked Homberg oil plant. More flying bombs launched against           England from over North Sea. 5th Army Negro troops captured Fabbiani and Basati (Italy). Mr Felix Gouin re- elected President of French Consultative Committee.

November 9th

All enemy resistance on Walcheren ended. U.S. 3rd Army captured Cheminot S. of Metz. 8th Army occupied Forli 14th Army took Fort White. Chinese crossed Irrawaddy (Burma)

November 9th – 10th

U.S. dive- bombers heavily attacked Japanese convoy off Leyte, sinking 3 transports, 7 destroyers.

November 10th

U.S. 3rd Army captured Louvigny, the “Cote de Delme” and Chateau – Salins. Cologne and Frankfort heavily bombed by U.S.A. 8th A. F.  R.A.F. struck at Hanover. Mr Churchill announced that Germans were using rocket – bombs against Britain.

November 11th

U.S. 7th Army cleared the Foret de Mortange (Lorraine). Powerful attack by R.A.F. on Harburf. Near Hamburg. In Italy 8th Army took Gambellara, near Ravenna. U.S.A. 20th A. F.  Bombed Omura aircraft works on Kyushu (Japan), also Nanking and Shanghai.

November 11th – 12th

In Italy 8th Army troops captured Gavello. Key point in German defences north of Forli.

November 12th

The “Tirpitz” sunk by R.A.F. 12,000 LB “Earthquake” bomb in Tromso Fjord (Norway). Carrier- based U.S. aircraft heavily attacked Manila harbour. Soviet armies in Hungary captured Mezokovesd and Monor. Volkssturm took oath. British Naval forces near Lister Fjord (Norway) sank 10 of 11 ships in enemy convoy. Sir Oliver Leese arrived at H.Q.  S.E.A.C.

November 13th

U.S. 3rd Army forced Moselle, S.W.  Of Thionville, capturing garrison in Uckange area. U. S. troops occupied Fort Verny. first of powerful Metz fortresses to fall.  Poles captured Bagnolo, cleared Monte Casole (Italy)

November 14th

British 2nd Army occupied Meijel.  Russians captured Nagykata (Hungary). Indian troops of 5th Army took Monte San Bartolo; Montone River crossed at several points.

November 15th

In Lorraine U.S.  3rd Army occupied Forts Hubert and Jussy (Metz) M.A.A.F.  Attacked Linz and Innsbruck areas. French 1st Army launched Strong attack on Doubs River in Belfort sector. Red Army took Jaszbereni and Mende (Hungary).  Bulgarian and Tito forces seized Skoplje (Yugoslavia). R.A.F.  Attacked Mergui (South Burma).

November 16th

Over 2,300 Allied bombers carried out “obliteration” raids on Duren. Julich and Heinsberg, near Aachen.  Russians took Jaszarokszallas. Vamogyork, Gyomro (Hungary). In Italy British and Indian forces captured Modigliana. S.W. of Faenza. Japanese strongpoint of Kalemyo (Burma) fell to 11th E. African Division.

November 17th

U.S. 3rd Army occupied sector of Maginot Line in Thionville   area. French 1st Army freed Montbelliard near Belfort. Widespread Allied air attacks from Duren and Julich, through Saar, to Colmar and Mulhouse.  Red Army took Fuzesabony (Hungary). Poles captured Monte Fortino S. of Faenza. On Leyte, enemy troops in Limon area encircled.

November 18th

Powerful assault by British 2nd Army North and South of Geilenkirchen. U.S. 3rd Army overran Forts Kellermann St. Lorranine and Julien (Metz). Widespread Allied air attacks on South Germany by day and night. Red Army took Tiszaluc (Central Hungary).

November 19th

Geilenkirchen captured by British and U.S. forces. Metz completely surrounded. U.S. 7th Army took Gerardmer.  In Holland, British troops crossed Deurne canal North of Meijel.  Gen Eisenhower appealed to U.S.  For more ammunition.

November 20th

U.S. 3rd Army reached centre of Metz, liberated Dieuze. French 1st Armoured Division reached Rhine between Mulhouse and Swiss frontier.

November 20th – 21st

  (Night) Heavy R.A.F. raids on Hanover (twice) and Coblenz.

November 21st

Germans in retreat on entire U.S. 7thArmy front. Belfort cleared Sarrebourg liberated. R.A.F.  Heavily bombed Aschaffenburg S.E. of Frankfort. Albanian patriots freed Tirana and Durazzo 8th Army took Castiglione, near Faenza. On Chindwin East Africans occupied Indainggi and Indainggale. U.S. task force bombarded Matsuwa (Central Kuriles).  U.S.A.A.F.  Bombed Nagasaki and Omura (Japan)

November 22nd

French 1st Army liberated Mulhouse; French 2nd Armoured Division liberated Saverne. British troops entered Hoven. Siegfried Line strongpoint. Americans took Eschweiler. Metz formally proclaimed liberated.

November 23rd

U.S. troops reached the Roer, west of Julich. French 2nd Armoured Division entered Strasbourg. Red Army finally captured Cop (Czechoslovakia) took Tokaj (Hungary). Finnish Lapland cleared of enemy. Tito’s forces liberated naval base of Tivat (Dalmatia). Macedonia declared free of enemy. U.S. troops on Leyte crushed enemy bastion at Limon.

November 24th

U.S. 3rd Army gained new bridge-head across Saar, South of Saarbrucken.  Russians completed mopping up of Saare Maa (Estonia) In Italy 8th Army occupied Castelaccio South of the river Marzeno. Saipan based Super Fortresses heavily bombed Tokyo. Polish Premier, Mr Mikolajczyk, Resigned.

November 25th

Strasbourg completely cleared. U.S.A. 8th A. F.  Bombing oil plants at Merseburg and Leipzig (day). R.A.F.  Attacked Nuremberg (night). Red Army captured Hatvan (Hungary).

November 26th

 R.A.F.  Bombed V2 launching sites in Holland. Waterway to Antwerp opened. U.S. 1st Army took Weisweiller. U.S.A.A.F.  Heavily bombed Misburg, near Hanover.  R.A.F.  Raided Munich with 12,000 lb. “factory buster” bombs (used for the first time on Germany). Bonomi Government resigned (Italy). F. M. Alexander appointed Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean, and Lt Gen Clark Allied C. – in C. Italy.

November 27th

U.S. 7th Army freed Molsheim and Mutzig, near Strasbourg.  Heavy R.A.F.  Attacks on Rhineland and Berlin. Tokyo bombed by Super Fortresses from Saipan (Marianas). Maj Gen Patrick Hurley became U.S. Ambassador to China. Mr Cordell Hull resigned.

November 28th

R.A.F.  Attacked Nuremberg in great force. French 1st Army secured road between Mulhouse and Belfort. U.S. naval units bombarded port of Ormoc (Leyte).

November 29th

U.S.A. 8th A. F.  Heavily bombed Misburg and Hamm. R.A.F.  Attacked Dortmund. Essen. Neuss. And Duisberg. Russians forced Danube’s west bank on 90 mile front, captured Mohacs and Pecs. 5th Army took Monte Castellaro, S.E. of Bologna. U.S.A.A.F.  Raided Tokyo by night for the first time.

November 28th -29th

R.A.F.  Bombed Hanover. M.A.A.F.  Attacked Linz. Munich and Innsbruck areas (night).

November 30th

U.S. 1st Army took Grosshau and Lammersdorf.  French 1st Army captured Huningue. Announced that Antwerp was open to Allied shipping. Big U.S.A. 8th A. F.  Raid on oil plants in Leipzig area. R.A.F.  Heavily bombed Duisburg by night.  Red Army took Eger and Szikszo (Hungary). 14th Army occupied Paungbyin (Burma). Mr Arciszewsli formed new Polish Cabinet (London).

 

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