We seek no treasure, we seek no territorial gain, we seek only the right of man to be free, and we seek his rights to worship his God, to lead his life in his own way, secure from persecution.

King George VI. 1940

 

The dates shown in this war diary are the dates when the British Public were told and often not the date that the incident happened.

1940
 

April 1st
R.A.F. bomber attacks enemy patrol over North Sea. German Junkers 88 brought down by British Blenheim. General Smut’s War Measures Bill passes South African House of Assembly by 75 votes to 55.
April 2nd
German aircraft carry out attack on Scapa Flow. Bombs dropped but no damage was done. One raider believed shot down. Three Hurricane fighters engage two Heinkel bombers 20 feet above sea. Five Messerschmitts shot down on Western Front. U Boat reported sunk off West of Scotland by patrol vessel.
April 3rd
First Coastal Defence fighter lost during engagement with Heinkel. Enemy bombers attack convoy but are driven off. Lord Athlone appointed Governor General of Canada. Mr Churchill made head of Committee of Service Ministers.
April 4th
R.A.F bombers reconnoitre naval base at Wilhelmshaven and attack warships there. R.A.F. flying boat encounters six Junkers over North Sea, shoots down one and damages another.
April 5th
Reported that Norwegian liner “Mira” was attacked eight times by German bombers on the way from England to Norway. British warships came to rescue, two bombers were shot down and two others damaged.
April 6th
Norwegian ship “Navarra” torpedoed without warning in northern Scottish Waters. Two Dornier “Flying Pencils” shot down on Western Front.
April 7th
R.A.F. brings down five enemy planes over Western Front. Air Ministry announces air fight over North Sea, two machines lost on each side.
April 8th
Allied Governments notify Norway that mines are to be laid immediately in three places in Norwegian territorial waters. Norway issues protest. Three German ships sunk by British submarines in Skagerrak.  Rio de Janeiro, “Posidonia” and “Kreta” Another unsuccessful raid made on Scapa Flow. British destroyer “Glowworm” sunk while engaging two enemy destroyers.
April 9th
Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Denmark submits under protest. Norway resists and sharp fighting take place in the air and along the coast. Oslo occupied in the afternoon. British Foreign Office broadcast that Allies will give full aid to Norway. In naval battle off Bergen British destroyer “Gurha” is sunk. U Boat sunk by “Zulu” off Orkneys. Off Narvik “Renown” engages” Scharnhorst” and heavy cruiser hipper class. R.A.F. damage two cruisers off Bergen. Cruiser “Karlsruhe” sunk by submarine “Truant”.
April 10th
Fierce action by   five British destroyers against superior German forces off Narvik. One enemy destroyer torpedoed and believed sunk, three heavily hit and in flames. Six supply ships sunk, in addition to ammunition ship blown up H.M.S.  “Hunter” sunk, “Hardy” severely damage and run ashore, “Hotspur” seriously, and “Hostile” slightly, damaged. German cruiser “Bluecher” sunk by Norwegian shore batteries off Oslo. Great naval battle in progress in Katteget. Four enemy cruisers and five transports reported sunk. Norwegian steamer “Tosca” sunk Two Heinkels shot down in Moray Firth. Massed attack on Scapa repulsed, four enemy bombers shot down.
April 11th
Germans  pocket battleship “Admiral Scheer”  damaged by submarine “ Spearfish” R.A.F. bombers twice attack German occupied aerodrome  at Stavanger . Dornier flying boat shot down in North Sea. A Heinkel and a Dornier destroyed in France.
April 12th
R.A.F.  Attack two German warships in Kristiansand Fjord. Ammunition ship blown up and supply ship damaged in Kattegat. R.A.F.  Wreck many aeroplanes on Stavanger aerodrome. Four Messerschmitts shot down, four others believed destroyed or damaged. Part of southern Norway still in Norwegian hands and all northern except Narvik. Norway states that German battle cruiser “Gneisenau” was sunk in Oslo Fjord, also cruiser “Emden” and several other ships. British steamer “Stancliffe” and Swedish tanker “Sveaborg” sunk.
April 13th
Second British Destroyer Flotilla led by battleship “Warspite” storm Narvik and sinks seven German destroyers. Three British destroyers damaged. Reported that Fleet Air Arm has attacked warships transports and supply ships at Bergen. Coastal Command aircraft bomb Stavanger aerodrome. Dutch motor vessel “Velocitas” mined.
April 14th
Stavanger aerodrome raided and enemy seaplanes bombed in Hafs Fjord. Further German ship reported sunk include “August Leonhardt”  “Ionia”  “Antares” and Moonsund” German ship “Alster” reported captured and “Skagerrak” and “Maine” scuttled.
April 15th
Admiralty and War Office announced that British forces have landed at several points in Norway. Two more German transports reported sunk by submarines. Fleet Air Arm attacks Bergen. Night raids made on Stavanger.
April 16th
Narvik now held by British Marines. R.A.F. made heavy bombing raid on Stavanger, and Fleet Air Arm on enemy shipping off Bergen. Germans occupy Kongsvinger fortress and railway junction 45 miles North East of Oslo, also Skarnes and Hamar. Announced that a British force has taken over Faroe Islands.
April 17th
British naval forces bomb Stavanger aerodrome and the R.A.F bomb that of Trondheim. H.M. submarine “Thistle” overdue and presumed lost. Fleet Air Arm destroys Heinkel bomber and Dornier flying boat and damages three other Nazi aircraft.
April 18th
Landing of British troops in Norway continues. Heinkel bomber driven from Shetlands by single seater fighter. British steamer “Swainby” sunk by U Boat.
April 19th
Stockholm reports that Anglo Norwegian and German forces have met in Trondheim sector. British forces said to have landed at Romsdals Fjord, south west of Trondheim.
April 20th
Three German aircraft shot down and others damaged during attacks on British naval units. R.A.F.  Bomb aerodromes at Stavanger and Kristiansand. Six German aircraft shot down over Western Front. Nazi raiders driven off from Thames estuary. British steamers “Mersey” and “Hawnby” and Italian steamer “Balbo” sunk off South East Coast. Enemy aircraft bomb Namsos, damaging town and sinking H.M. trawler “Rutlandshire”.
April 21st
British forces reported to be fighting in Oslo sector. R.A.F. bomb aerodromes at Stavanger and Aalborg. Four Messerschmitts shot down over Western Front.
April 22nd
British troops said to be fighting with Norwegians at Lillehammer, north of Oslo. Enemy planes reported of East and South East Coasts and Shetlands.
April 23rd
War Office announced sharp engagement north of Trondheim. R.A.F.  Make night raids on aerodromes of Fornebu and Kjeller, near Oslo and on Aalborg.  Steamer “Lolworth” mined.
April 24th
British forces in Trondheim stated to have retaken positions abandoned after German counter attack. R.A.F. bomb five enemy air bases. Two enemy patrol vessels sunk north of Sylt. Nazi aircraft unsuccessfully attempt to attack Scapa Flow during night.
April 25th
Owing to increased enemy pressure Allied forces have withdrawn from positions near Lillehammer, French destroyer sinks two enemy patrol ships in Skagerrak.
April 26th
Allied troops have been heavily engaged south of Dombaas and have had to make limited withdrawals. R.A.F. continues attacks on enemy bases in Norway and Denmark.  Six enemy aircraft destroyed in Norway and two over North Sea. Eight others damaged.
April 27th
German attack near Kvam, south east of Dombaas, driven off with heavy enemy loss. Air action against Allied lines of communication and bases.
April 28th
War Office states that another German attack in Gudbrandsdal has been repulsed, also that further disembarkation has been carried out at Aandalsnes. Nazi bombers attack Aalesund and Molde.
April 29th
Three more enemy supply ships reported sunk. Position in Gudbrandsdal unchanged. British stated to be in touch with enemy north of Stenkjer. Norwegian hospital ship “Brand IV” heavily bombed by German planes.
April 30th
British resisting further enemy advance in Dombaas area. Fresh landing along coast of Norway. R.A.F. bomb enemy air base at Fornebu. Heinkel crashes in flames at Clacton and mine it was carrying explodes, two civilians killed and 156 injured. 


1941

 
April 1st
Asmara. Capital of Eritrea surrenders. Raiders attempt attacks on aerodromes; some casualties and damage at one station.
April 3rd
Admiralty announces destruction by naval aircraft of two Italian destroyers. British evacuation of Benghazi announced. Heavy night raid on Bristol. Count Teleky Hungarian Prime Minister commits suicide.
April 4th
Heavy night bombing of Scharnhorst and Gneisenau at Brest. Bristol raided again.
April 5th
Imperial forces enter Addis Ababa. Adowa and Adigrat reported captured.
April 6th
Germany invades Greece and Yugoslavia. Belgrade devastated by mass air raids. R.A.F.  Bomb targets in Sofia and German transport in Struma valley. Brest attacked.
April 7th
Nine relays of heavy bombers raid Kiel. Enemy recapture Derna. Libya. Severe night raids on Liverpool area and elsewhere. Yugoslav southern army forced to withdraw.
April 8th
Massawa surrenders. Heavy night raid on Kiel. Coventry suffers destructive double attack. From Doiran, on Frontier, Nazis mechanized division advances into Greece towards Salonika. Yugoslav troops in Albania retreating.
April 9th
Three hour night raid on Berlin Opera House destroyed Night bombers over West Midlands including Birmingham, 12 shot down. Germans occupy Salonika.
April 10th
British and Imperial forces contact Germans in North Greece. Hungary invades Yugoslavia. Night raids on Birmingham and Coventry, causing great damage and casualties. R.A.F.  Bomb cruisers at Brest.
April 11th
Heavy night raid on Bristol and south coast town. Croatia declared independent state.
April 12th
Norwegian warships destroys large fish oil factory near Hammerfest. Norway, Bardia occupied by enemy. Night attacks on Brest, and Lorient.
April 13th 
Empire forces in Greece withdraw to Mt. Olympus line. Germans occupy Belgrade. Soviet Union and Japan sign neutrality pact.
April 14th
Heavy night raid on Brest. Germans capture Sollum and Fort Capuzzo. Athens. Suffers first day raid.
April 15th
Enemy convoy of 5, Transports and 3, escort vessels sunk by Navy off Tripoli; destroyer “Mohawk" lost. Severe night attack on Kiel. Enemy bombers raid Belfast.
April 16th
Enemy attacks on Tobruk repulsed. Big Battle in Macedonia, Empire forces begin withdrawal to Thermopylae line. R.A.F. bomb Heligoland, Bremen and Brest. Great force of raiders makes 7 hour indiscriminate attack on London. St Paul’s damaged.
April 17th
Yugoslavia capitulates. Portsmouth has destructive aid. R.A.F. makes severest attack yet on Berlin with new heavy bombs. Imperial troops arrive at Basra.
April 18th
Greek and Imperial forces withdrawing while Germans advance both sides of Mt. Olympus.
April 19th
London suffers violent night attack. Registration of women for war service begins Brest. Bombed.
April 20th
Greek forces in Epirus and Macedonia capitulate. Night raids on Channel ports and targets in Ruhr.
April 21st.
Navy bombards Tripoli great damage to port and shipping. Heavy night attack on Plymouth. Withdrawal of Greek and Imperial forces covered by brilliant rearguard action of Anzacs.
April 22nd
Evacuation from Greece begins another severe night raid on Plymouth. Two attacks on Brest.
April 23rd
Sinking of armed merchant cruiser “Raiputana" announced. Night raid on Brest. Enemy attack Plymouth.
April 25th
Germans claim capture of Pass of Thermopylae. Lord Gort appointed Governor and C. in C. Gibraltar. Night raids centre on Kiel, British troops reported in Mosul.
April 26th
British capture Dessie, Abyssinia. Empire troops fighting rearguard action N.W.  of Athens. German parachutists capture Corinth. Big night attack on Hamburg. Merseyside raided. Enemy cross frontier near Sollum.
April 27th
German forces enter Athens. Heavy night raid on Portsmouth
April 28th
Germans capture Sollum Plymouth raided at night we bomb Cruisers at Brest.
April 29th
Another severe night raid on Plymouth. R.A.F. attack Mannheim and Rotterdam.
April 30th
Main night attack on Kiel other targets are Berlin, Hamburg, and Emden. Enemy penetrate outer defences of Tobruk.
 

1942

 
April 1st
Japanese begin heavy assault on Bataan positions. Chinese forces withdraw from Toungoo after a week’s heroic resistance. Heavy Japanese attack at Prome. At night R.A.F. bombs Matford works at Poissy.
April 2nd
Indian Congress Party replies to British proposals. At night R.A.F. again raid Poissy.
April 3rd
Japanese bomb Mandalay. American bombers raid Rangoon and Andaman’s from Indian bases. Loss of H.M. destroyer “Heythrop" announced.
April 5th
Japanese bomb Colombo, losing 27 aircraft. At night R.A.F. bombs Cologne and Rhineland, also Gennevilliers works near Paris.
April 6th
Attack on Bataan positions grows fiercer. Japanese land on Bougainville (Solomons); they bomb ports in Madras Presidency.
April 7th
British reply to Congress Party’s counter proposals for Indian settlement. Adm. Helfrich apptd. C. in .C.  Dutch and N.E.I.  Forces in Far East. Loss of H. M. destroyer “Havock" and submarine “Tempest" announced.
April 9th
Surrender of Wainwrights forces on Bataan, Wainwright goes to Corregidor. Japanese bomb Trincomalee, losing 21 aircraft, H. M.  Cruisers “Dorsetshire" and” Cornwell" and the aircraft carrier “Hermes" sunk in Indian Ocean by enemy aircraft. British submarine sinks Italian cruiser in Mediterranean.
April 10th
Breakdown of Indian negotiations, Congress Party rejects British proposals. Japanese land on Cebu and on Billiton Island.
April 11th
New Cabinet in Bulgaria under Filoff as Premier and Foreign Minister.
April 12th
Heavy bombing and shelling of Corregidor. In Burma enemy resumes offensive N.  Of Toungoo, British withdraw. Iran breaks off relations with Japan. R.A.F. bombers raid Genoa and Turin.
April 13th
Thirteen American bombers raid the Philippines from Australian bases. Apptmt of Lord Louis Mountbatten as Chief of Combined Operations announced dating from March 18th. Adm Somerville apptd. C. in C. Eastern fleet.
April 14th
Pierre Laval becomes chief of Vichy Govt. R.A.F.  In a raid on Port Blair (Andamans) destroys 13 Japanese flying boats.
April 15th
British forces in Burma retire to new positions on Irrawaddy. At night R.A.F.  Bombers attack St Nazaire.
April 16th
More Japanese land in Panay. George Cross awarded to Malta.
April 17th
Oilfields at Yenangyaung destroyed by British forces as they withdraw. Lancaster bombers attack Augsburg in daylight, seven out of twelve lost in the operation.
April 18th
American medium bombers led by Major Gen Doolittle , raid Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama and Nagoya, taking off from U.S. aircraft carrier “ Hornet “ when 800 miles from Japan . Von Leeb removed from command on Leningrad front. Free French submarine “Surcouf" announced lost. Enemy submarines shell Curacao. Petain appoints Admiral Darlan as his successor, and also as Chief of Armed forces.
April 21st
General Giraud escapes from fortress at Konigstein to Switzerland.
April 22nd
Loss of H.M.A.S.   “Vampire" (destroyer) announced. Reconnaissance raid on Boulogne by Combined Operations force. Announced   that   American forces are in India.
April 23rd
New Zealand included in new U.S. Naval command. South African Govt breaks off relations with Vichy. R.A.F.  Delivers first of four successive heavy night attacks on Rostock.
April 24th
German night raid on Exeter, first of a series of reprisal bombings (“Baedeker" raids) of Cathedral cities.
April 25th
Loss of H.M. destroyer “Southwold" announced. Night raids on Bath. R.A.F.  Bombs Skoda works at Pilsen.
April 26th
After a speech to the Reichstag, Hitler is given powers of supreme law lord, overriding the judiciary. Another raid on Bath.
April 27th
Night raid on Norwich.
April 28th
Sir Stafford Cripps reports to Parliament on his Indian mission. Night raid on York. R.A.F.  Attacks Kiel (“Scharnhorst" there).
April 29th
Japanese capture Lashio. Switzerland instead of Argentina to protect interests of Allies in Japan. Hitler and Mussolini meet at Salzburg.
April 30th
H.M.S. “Edinburgh" damaged by U.Boat in Arctic (sunk in later attack on May 2nd).
 

1943

 
APRIL 2nd
U.S. planes bombed Kiska eight times and also raided Attu (Aleutians)
April 3rd
900 tons of bombs dropped on Essa by Bomber Command. Allied planes sank two Japanese cruisers and left destroyer sinking off Kavieng (New Ireland).
April 4th
Heavy concentrated day attack by U.S. Fortresses on Renault works near Paris; at night Kiel had heaviest raid to date. Heavy 15 minute daylight attack on Naples dockyards by U.S.A.A.F.  Based on North Africa. Akavieng and Lae heavily bombed by Allied planes.
April 5th
Eighteen JU-52 transport planes six Stukas and seven fighters shot down off Tunisia coast. Enemy destroyer blown up three supply ships left ablaze off Cape Bon over 200 Axis planes destroyed in 24 hours against Allied loss 12.
April 6th
Eighth Army took Wadi Akarit line.
April 7th
Eighth Army linked up with Second American Corps (Tunisia). British withdrew 13 miles in Mayu Peninsula (Burma). U.S. fighters shot down 39 out of 98 Japanese aircraft (for the loss of 7) attacking Allied shipping at Guadalcanal; three Allied ships sunk.
April 10th
Soviet planes bombed Konigsberg. Eighth Army entered Sfax (Tunisia) 40 Ju – 52 transport planes and 13 others shot down over Sicilian Narrows.
April 11th
First Army captured Karajan in Sicilian Narrows, 31 Ju52 transport planes shot down (making 92 in three days) Twenty three out of 45 Japanese planes attacking Allied shipping in Oro Bay shot down. U.S.A.A.F. made four raids on Kiska.
April 12th
Thirty seven out of 105 Japanese planes shot down in violent air battles over Port Moresby (New Guinea)
April 13th
 Home based bombers made 1,500 miles round flight to bomb Spezia (Italy). Kiska bombed 10 times by U.S.A.A.F.
April 14TH
Heavy night attack by Russian bombers on Danzig and Konigsberg. Heavy 45 minute attack by R.A.F.  On Stuttgart. Thirty out of 75-100 Japanese aircraft attacking Milne Bay. (New Guinea) shot down. Kiska raided eight times by U.S.A.A.F.
April 15th
Creation of single Mediterranean Air Command under Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder announced. Naples heavily bombed at night by R.A.F.
April 15th -16th
Four ships sunk out of nine in Japanese convoy heading for Wewak (New Guinea)
April 16th
Over 600 heavy bombers of R.A.F. made night raid on Skoda works at Pilsen (1,800 miles round flight) and Mannheim- Ludwigshaven. U.S. aircraft made 10 attacks on Kiska.
April 17th
Strong day attack by U.S. Fortresses on Focke- Wulfe factory at Bremen. Palermo heavily bombed by U.S. aircraft based on North Africa.
April 18th
Strong force of home based bombers attacked Spezia (Italy). At least 51–Ju 52s (out of 100) and 23 fighters shot down off Cape Bon; Allies lost 9 aircraft. Nine raids on Kiska by U.S.A.A.F. Attu also attacked.
April 20th
Tilsit bombed by Russians. Stettin Rostock and Berlin by R.A.F. Enfidaville captured by Eighth Army (Tunisia)
April 21st
Takrouma stormed by Eighth Army. Large force of U.S. bombers attacked Nauru 780 miles N.E, of Guadalcanal.
April 22nd
Thirty one Me – 323 glider transports and 11 Axis fighters shot down over Gulf of Tunis.
April 23rd
First Army engaged in bitter fighting between Bou Arada and Medjez –el Bab.
April 26th
R.A.F. dropped 1,300 tons of bombs on Duisburg (Ruhr). Enemy driven from last foothold on Longstop Hill. Soviet Government breaks with Polish Government in London. Kiska bombed 11 times by U.S.A.A.F.  Twice by R.C.A.F.
April 30th
R.A.F. made heavy (55th) raid on Essa, bringing total weight of bombs dropped on the city to 10,000 tons.
 

1944

 
April 1st
Russians encircled 45,000 Germans at Skala. Entry into coastal areas of Great Britain prohibited. Truk and Ponape (Carolinas) bombed by U.S.A. 7th A.F.  Ndrilo and Koruniat (Admiralties) occupied by Americans.
April 2nd
Red Army crossed the Prut and advanced into Rumania. U.S.A.  15th A.F.  Bombed Steyr (Austria). Japanese crossed Imphal – Kohima road (Assam).
April 3rd
First major air attack of war on Budapest (Hungary) by U.S. bombers, followed by R.A.F.  night attack 300 Allied planes ( 1 lost ) bombed Hollandia  ( New Guinea ) ; 314 Japanese planes destroyed 42 Barracudas of the Home Fleet bombed and damaged “ Tirpitz “ in Alten Fjord ( Norway ) .
April 4th
Bucharest (Rumania) heavily bombed by U.S.A. 15th A.F.
April 5th
Red Army captured Razjelnaya. U.S.A. 15th A.F. bombed Ploesti (Rumania). Telephone service between Great Britain and Ireland suspended.
April 6th
14th Army captured eastern tunnel in Maungdaw – Buthidaung road.
April 8th
Soviet forces reached Czechoslovak frontier. Brunswick and other places in Germany bombed by more then 1,000 U.S. planes. 152 tons dropped on Hollandia (New Guinea) by Allied aircraft.
April 9th
Strong Soviet bomber force made night attack on Lwow. Focke- Wolfe factories in Poland and East Germany attacked by some 1,750 U.S. planes, heavy R.A.F.  Night attacks on French railway centres. Kohima (Assam) reported under Japanese pressure.
April 10th
Red Army captured Odessa and Armyansk.  R.A.F. dropped 3,600 tons on railway targets (France and Belgium).
April 11th
Soviet forces captured Zhankoi and Kerch. Nearly 2,000 Allied planes attacked aircraft factories, railway centres, and airfields in Germany and enemy occupied countries. All New Britain except Gazelle Peninsula in Allied hands,
April 12th
Red Army captured Tiraspol. U.S.A. 15th A.F. bombed Wiener Neustadt (Austria). R.A.F. made heavy night attack on Budapest (Hungary). Over 200 planes bombed Hollandia (New Guinea).
April 13th
Red Army captured Feodosia, Eupatoria, and Simferopol. Nearly 2, 000 U.S. planes attacked Augsburg, Schweinfurt and other targets in South Germany.
April 14th
Red Army captured Bakhchisarai and Alushta; death of Marshal Vatutin, Australians captured Bogadjim (New Guinea). Bombay Port (India) put out of action by explosion of ammunition ship.
April 15th
Russians captured Yalta. Imphal Plain (Assam) cleared of Japanese.
April 18th
Russians captured Balaklava. Restrictions imposed on diplomatic representatives in United Kingdom. About 2,000 U.S. aircraft bombed Oranienberg, Rathenow and other places in North Germany. 1,000 R.A.F. bombers attacked railway targets (France).
April 19th
Allied aircraft struck heavily at Soe (Dutch Timor) and Sabang and Lho- Hga (Sumatra).
April 20th
R.A.F.  Dropped 4, 500 tons at night on railway centres in West Europe.
April 22nd
Nearly 2,000 U.S. heavy bombers attacked Hamm, 1, 000 R.A.F. bombers attacked Brunswick, Duesseldorf, and Laon.  Strong Allied landings at Hollandia, Aitape, and Tanahmerah Bay (New Guinea). Japanese captured Chengchow (Honan, China).
April 23rd
S.E. Asia Command announced that Japanese offensive in Manipur had failed. Hollandia (New Guinea) captured by Allies.
April 24th
British Home Office banned all overseas travel.  U.S. heavy bombers Munich area and Friedrichshafen; R.A.F.  Made heavy night attacks on Karlsruhe and Munich. Australians captured Madang (New Guinea).
April 25th
U.S. infantry captured Sentani and Cyclops airfields (New Guinea).
April 26th
R.A.F. delivered two major attacks on Essen and Schweinfurt. Australians captured Alexis Hafen (New Guinea.
April 27th
U.S.  Strategic Air Force made major day attacks on Blainville and Chalons – Sur Marne marshalling yards, Toul and Nancy airfields. 1,000 bomber night raid by R.A.F.  On Friedrichshafen. Sharp fighting continued at Kohima (Assam). Americans captured main Hollandia airfield (New Guinea)
April 29th
American daylight assault on Berlin; 2, 000 tons dropped.
April 29th – 30th
 Heavy air sea attack by powerful U.S. task force on Truk (Carolinas) 126 Japanese planes destroyed.
April 30th
U.S.A. 8th A.F. bombed Clermont Ferrand and Lyons airfields, attacked Pas- de – Calais targets.
 

1945

 
April 1st.
U. S. 1st and 9th Armies linked up at Lippstadt, cutting off the Ruhr. 1st Ukrainian Army captured Glogau (Silesia). Other Red Army forces took Sopron (Hungary).  U. S. 10th Army landed in great strength on Okinawa (Ryukyu Islands).
April 2nd
Announced that Guards Armoured Division had entered Munster. British 6th Airborne Division had crossed the Ems Canal and that British 2nd Army was over 100 miles beyond the Rhine, R. A. F.  Bombed Berlin again. 3rd Ukrainian Army captured Nagy Kanisza. Hungarian oil centre. 8th Army made amphibious landing North of Ravenna. U.S.A. 15th A. F. heavily attacked communications in Austria and North Italy. Saipan based Super Fortresses bombed Tokyo.
April 3rd
Canadians established bridge head on Zutphen Hengoelo Canal.  3rd Ukrainian Army captured Wiener Neustadt, Eisenstadt, Neukirchen, and Gloggnitz, on approaches to Vienna.
April 4th
British 11th Airborne Division by passed Osnabruck, crossed the Weser, Kassel surrendered to Americans. U. S. 3rd Army occupied Fulda and Gotha. French 1st Army captured Karlsruhe. By night R. A. F.  Heavily bombed Harburg oil plants.  2nd Ukrainian Army stormed Bratislava; other Red Army forces took Beden. M. A. A. F.  Intensively attacked communications in North Italy.
April 5th
British 1st Commando Brigade cleared Osnabruck; Canadians took Almelo, occupied Zutphen; U. S. 3rd Army captured Mulhausen. Heavy U.S.A.A.F. attacks on Bavaria. Russia denounced Russo Japanese neutrality pact of 1941.
April 6th
Canadian and British troops linked up near Zutphen, British troops crossed the Weser near Minden , U. S. 9th  Army finally cleared Hamm,  U. S. 3rd Army captured Eisenach and Meiningen, U. S. 7th Army cleared Wurzburg , French reached Neckar River S. of Heilbronn. Berlin raided for the first time by Continent based R. A. F. Mosquitoes.
April 6th -7th
U. S. aircraft struck Japanese naval force off Okinawa, sinking the “Yamato” Japan’s largest battleship, two cruisers, three destroyers, and shooting down 417 aircraft. British carrier force attacked the Sakishima group.
April 7th
Canadians captured Zutphen, 1,300    Fortresses and Liberators attacked German airfields, depots and rail targets, shooting down 104 enemy fighters. Heavy fighting inside Vienna. Defeat announced of Japanese 15th Army in Burma. Tokyo and Nagoya heavily bombed by Super Fortresses.
April 7th – 8th
(Night) French parachute troops dropped over wide area E. of Zuider Zee to link up with Canadians.
April 8th
U. S. 1st Army cleared Gottingen; French Army captured Pforzheim. N. W. of Stuttgart.   Russians forced Danube N. W. and W. of Bratislava. New Greek Government formed with Admiral Voulgaris as Premier.
April 9th
Heavy R. A. F. raids on Hamburg Kiel. 3rd White Russian Army captured Konigsberg. In Italy 8th Army launched powerful attack across Senio.
April 10th
U.S. 9th Army captured Essen and Hanover, in over 5,600 sorties by R A F. and U S.A.A F 406 enemy planes shot down. Berlin airfields destroyed. In Italy U. S. troops took Massa. 14th Army captured Thazi, E. of Meikila (Burma).
April 11th
U. S. 9thArmy captured Gelsenkirchen in Ruhr pocket, by night R. A. F.  Raided Berlin three times. Russians established Danube bridge head in Vienna. 8thArmy reached Santerno River (Italy). Russo-Yugoslavia treaty signed.
April 12th
U. S. 9thArmy crossed Elbe. U. S. 80th Division captured Weimar and Erfurt. Buchenwald over run .British 2nd Army took rail junction of Celle on Alier River; French 1st Army took Baden Baden.  Franklin Delano Roosevelt died, Mr Harry S. Truman sworn in as President.
April 13th
British troops of the 1st Canadian Army crossed the Yssel near Arnhem, U. S. 9th Army occupied Dortmund, U. S. 3rd Army captured Jena. Red Armies completed captured of Vienna. Kyaupadaung (Burma) taken. U. S. forces landed on Bohol (Philippines).
April 13th -14th
Heavy attack by Super Fortresses on Tokyo.
April 14th
British finally cleared Arnhem.  U. S.  3rd A. F.  attacked Gironde estuary positions. Marshal Tolbukhin’s troops forced River Traisen, captured Herzogenburg. 14th Army entered Hlaingdet E. of Thazi. Announced that Australians had almost completed clearing up areas inland from New Guinea coast. Eastern Air Command bombers destroyed Thai power station (Siam).
April 15th
All Germans land exits from W. Holland sealed; U. S. 9th Army cleared Stendal on the Elbe; U. S. 1st and 9thArmies linked up on Ruhr River N. Of Hagen. Russians took St Polten (Austria).
April 16th
Germans at Groningen surrendered to Canadians. U. S. 1st and 9th Armies linked up to form new pocket in Harz Mountains, in Ruhr pocket enemy resistance ceased almost completely. R.A.F. bombed Swinemunde, sank the “Lutzow" Record total of 1,016 enemy planes destroyed by Allied Air Forces. Poles crossed Oder and Neisse Rivers. Tanungup, last enemy coastal base in Arakan, taken.
April 17th
U. S. 9th Army broke into Magdeburg, other U. S.  forces took Plauen (Saxony). 2nd Ukrainian Army captured Zisterdorf, oil centre near Vienna. R. A. F. bombed Gestapo H. Q. at Odense (Denmark). Resistance to Australians ceased in But Dagua area of New Guinea.
April 18th
Germans opened sluice gates and blew up dykes on Zuider Zee, Magdeburg fell to U. S. 9th  Army 3rd U. S. Army cleared Zwickau (Saxony) , U. S. 1ST Army entered Dusseldorf. R A F in strength attacked Heligoland and island of Dune. 8th Army captured Argenta (Italy).
April 19th
U. S. 1st Army captured Leipzig, Heligoland again bombed by R. A. F.  14th Army forces captured Chauk, Burmese oil centre.
April 20th
Battle of Ruhr ended, German Army Group “B" eliminated, capture of Nuremberg by U.S. 7th Army. Red Army took Bad Freienwalde N. E. of Berlin. Tito’s troops seized Baker port near Fiume. In Burma 14th Army captured Pyawbwe, Yamethin, and Seikpyu.
April 21st.
U.S. 9th Army captured Salzgitter (Brunswick). U.S 7th Army established bridge head on S. bank of Danube. French took Freiburg, Berlin under fire from Soviet artillery. In Italy 15th Army Group liberated Bologna. Australians capture of Karawop (New Guinea) announced. Russia signed treaty with Lublin Provisional Government.
April 23rd
French took Mulheim (Baden). Red Army captured Frankfort on Oder, Oranienburg, Kottbus, 5th and 8th Armies reached River Po at several points. In Burma, Pyinmana fell to 14th Army Forces.
April 24th
U. S. 1ST Army reached Elbe, N. E. of Dessau, other U. S. forces ( with French ) captured Ulm on the Danube, 1st White Russian and 1st Ukrainian Armies linked up 11 miles S. E. of Berlin. 5th Army seized Spezia naval base, 8th Army took Ferrara.
April 25th
Allied forces from E. and W. met at Torgau on the Elbe, Hitler’s Berchtesgaden home bombed Skoda works at Pilsen by night shipping from Hook of Holland to Heligoland Bight. Announced that whole of Burma oilfields region had been cleared. San Francisco Conference opened.
April 26th
Bremen surrendered to British, French 1st Army captured Constance. 2nd White Russian Army took Stettin, 2nd Ukrainian Army seized Brno (Czechoslovakia). Verona fell to U.S troops of 5th Army. Toungoo (Burma) captured. Australians captured Maprik, New Guinea,
April 27th
U. S. 3rd Army took Regensburg. 1st White Russian Army captured Potsdam. Rathenow and Spandau, all suburbs of Berlin, other Red Army forces seized Wittenberg. Last Germans expelled from Finland. Allied armies entered Genoa, freed Piacenza.
April 28th
Augsburg fell to U. S. 7th Army; heavy fighting in centre of Berlin. Enemy forces in N. Italy in complete disintegration, Mussolini executed by partisans at Dongo (Lake Como).
April 29th
Allied food relief by air for Holland began. British crossed Elbe Travel Canal. U. S. 9th Army linked up with Russians near Dessau. Germans in Italy surrendered unconditionally.
British entered Venice.
April 30th
U.S. 7th Army occupied Munich overran Dachau. Tito's troops in Trieste. 14th Army took Pegu (Burma). Australians landed on Sadoe Island, off Borneo. Hitler appointed Admiral Doenitz his successor.

Since 1st June 2014

 


Proud to be a FULL MEMBER of N.A.R.E.S
(The National Association of Re-Enactment Societies) 

tposter13tposter3tposter4tposter7tposter8


Contributor to Wilkipedia, the on line encyclopedia


COPYRIGHT OF UKHOMEFRONT, IF YOU WISH TO COPY ANYTHING PLEASE JUST EMAIL US

  Site Map