We seek no treasure, we seek no territorial gain, we seek only the right of man to be free, and we seek his rights to worship his God, to lead his life in his own way, secure from persecution.

King George VI. 1940

 

The dates shown in this war diary are the dates when the British Public were told and often not the date that the incident happened.

 

1940

 
March 1st
Russians maintain pressure on Viipuri. Violent air battles over Karelian Isthmus. R.A.F. makes reconnaissance flights to Berlin, Kiel, Luebeck, and Heligoland Bight. British steamer “Pyrrhus" sunk. Survivors of mined Italian steamer “Mirella" landed.
March 2nd
Finns clam that 34th Moscow Tank Brigade has been wiped out north of Lake Ladoga. Russians reported to have reached suburbs of Viipuri. Finns admit retreats to Sainio and to Heinjoki. R.A.F.  Bombers fly over Berlin during night and drop leaflets and flares. British liner “Domala" bombed in English Channel, steamer “Albano" mined. Norwegian steamer Silja presumed lost. German steamer “Troja" scuttled off Aruba Island.
March 3rd
Hand to hand fighting in Viipuri suburbs. R.A.F. bombers again fly over Berlin. Great air activity over “Western Front”. British steamer “Cato" sunk. Many air attacks on shipping.
March 4th
Viipuri still in Finnish hands, although Russian attack across ice on Viipuri Bight and to east. Russians suffer severe losses north east of Lake Ladoga, and also withdraw their forces in Petsamo sector. British liner “Pacific Reliance" sunk British trawler “Ben Attow" sunk Dutch vessel “Elziena" and Swedish “Lagaholm" sunk.
March 5th
Russians continue assault on Viipuri and succeed in crossing ice of Viipuri Bay. Helsinki and other towns heavily bombed. Italian ship “Maria Rosa" and Norwegian “Vestfoss” sunk.
March 6th
Battle on ice of Viipuri Bay continues. Cargoes of eight Italian ships carrying coal from Germany detained in prize. Enemy air attack made on lightship off Norfolk Coast.
March 7th
Russians make repeated attacks from ice of Viipuri Bay. Helsinki announces that peace negotiations are in progress. Heinkel raider shot down east of Aberdeen. Enemy make night raid on ships anchored off South East Coast. Dutch ships “Grutto" and “Vecht" presumed lost.
March 8th
Fighting continues on ice of Viipuri Bay. Heinkel raider shot down off north east of Scotland R.A.F. aircraft bomb enemy patrol vessels near Borkum and Sylt. Reconnaissance machines fly over Posen. Longest flight of war. British steamer “Counsellor" sunk. German ship “Uruguay" scuttled.
March 9th
Soviet troops secure foothold on North West shore of Bay of Viipuri, other attacks repulsed. British steamers “Borthwick" and “Thurston" reported sunk. British Government release 13 Italian coal ships recently detained.
March 10th
Russian claims capture of Repola, North East of Viipuri and of Karppila and Ruhela on western Coast of Bay. Helsinki states that Finnish peace delegation has arrived in Moscow. R.A.F. reconnaissance flights over Vienna and Prague. German steamer “Hanover" reported scuttled.
March 11th
Fighting continues round Viipuri and north east of Lake Ladoga. Mr Chamberlain states that Allies will give immediate help to Finland provided formal appeal is received.
March 12th
Fighting still raging in outer suburbs of Viipuri. Peace Treaty is concluded at midnight in Moscow, by which Finland cedes whole of Karelian Isthmus, town and bay of Viipuri, Fishman’s Peninsula, and other’s areas, and gives 30 years lease of Hango. British steamer “Gardenia “ reported mined. Dutch ships “Amor" and “Eulota" mined.
March 13th
Hostilities on Finnish fronts cease at 11am. Finnish Foreign Minister announces that Finland. Norway and Sweden are to discuss formation of defensive alliance. Nazi coal ship “Escherheim" sunk.
March 14th
Evacuation from ceded areas begins in Finland Estimated that 470,000 persons will have lost land and homes. Reported that three fishing trawlers have beaten off three Heinkel bombers in 70 minute fight in North Sea.
March 15th
Finnish Diet ratifies treaty with Russian. Russian troops begin moving into ceded areas. Rumania’s Iron Guard. Nazi terrorist organization is revived. H. M.  Trawler “Peridot" and vessel “Melrose" sunk. British trawler “Leukos" presumed lost. German merchant ship “La Coruna" scuttled.
March 16th
Air Ministry announces further reconnaissance flights over Polish territory and over Heligoland Bight. British bomber attacks formation of naval auxiliary vessels east of Borkum. Nazi aircraft make raid on fleet anchorage at Scapa Flow. Many bombs are dropped one causing minor damage to warship. Seven naval casualties; eight civilians in village of Bridge of Waith. One raider shot down; others believed damaged. H.M. trawler “Maida" mined.
March 17th
Fishing trawlers drive off attacking raiders with machine guns. French announce destruction of two more U Boats. Dutch ship “St Annaland" and Danish trawler “Wilhelmine" sunk.
March 18th   
  Accompanied by Ribbentrop and Ciano, Hitler and Mussolini meet at frontier station on Brenner Pass for a conference. British steamer “Tiberton" overdue and considered lost. R.A.F. bombers raid and damage German air base at Hornum, on island of Sylt.
March 19th
French Cabinet meets in secret session. French vessel “Capitaine Augustin" and trawler “Rose Effeuillee" reported sunk.
March 20th
M. Daladier resigns. Ten German bombers attack convoy off Scottish coast, damaging five vessels. One Heinkel disabled and others hit. Dutch tanker “Phoboes" and Danish ships “Bothal" “Viking and Algier" sunk. British steamer “Barnhill" bombed in English Channel; she is beached and later breaks in two. Mr Summer Welles sails from Genoa after visiting heads of belligerent countries.
March 21st
M. Paul Reynaud forms new Cabinet in which he is Prime Minister and Foreign Minister. M. Daladier remains as Minister of National Defence Norwegian ship “Svinta" and Danish vessels “Minsk”   “Christiansburg" and “Charkow" sunk by U Boat. Enemy aircraft appear over Shetlands. “Queen Mary” leaves New York for secret destination. British submarine sinks Nazi ore ship “Heddernheim”.
March 22nd
Attempt made by Nazi plane to bomb Cromer Knoll lightship. British machine crashes on Dutch territory after fight near frontier.
March 23rd
Hostile aeroplanes appear off east coast of Scotland. M. Reynaud holds meeting of Inner Cabinet of nine Gen. Gamelan and Admiral Darlan being present. German planes make further attacks on British fishing vessels. 21st anniversary of foundation of Fascism.
March 24th
British submarine sinks German collier “Edmund Hugo Stinnes IV" off Denmark. R.A.F. Carry out night reconnaissance flights over North West Germany. H. M.  Trawler “Loch Assater" reported mined. British tanker “Daghesten" sunk.
March 25th
Paris reports local artillery actions on various points of the front, and air activity on both sides. Danish steamer “Britta” sunk.
March 26th
Paris reports marked increase in air activity over Western Front. French machines make reconnaissance flights far into enemy territory; German aeroplanes fly over Northern and Eastern France. Further sector of Allied front in France taken over by B.E.F.
March 27th 
Enemy patrol vessel sunk in North Sea by aircraft of Coastal Command. R.A.F.  Bring down five Messerschmitts over Maginot Line. British steamer “Castlemoor" presumed lost. Norwegian steamer “Cometa” reported sunk.
March 28th
Supreme War Council meets in London and issues solemn declaration of united action. Heinkel raider shot down off Caithness. Coastal Command aeroplane has prolonged engagement with two Dornier's over North Sea and disables one. R.A.F. carries out further reconnaissance flights by night over North West Germany.
March 29th
German raider shot down off Northumberland. R.A.F. fighter patrols in France engage strong formations of enemy aircraft near Metz drive them back and bring down two Messerschmitts Survivors of bombed Dutch trawler “Protinus" picked up by British submarine “Unity”.
March 30th
Enemy aircraft which approached Shetlands driven off. Mr Churchill in broadcast gives warning of intensification of war. Nazi newspaper in Istanbul closes down by order of Turkish Government.
March 31st
Spitfire fighter on patrol east of Suffolk has duel with Dornier 17 and drives it off in damaged condition. Enemy planes driven off from Shetlands and Orkneys. No bombs dropped.
 

1941

 
March 1st
Bulgaria signs Tripartite Pact. Germans march into Sofia and occupy Black Sea port of Varna. R.A.F. makes night raids on Cologne. Rotterdam and Boulogne.
March 2nd
Day raids on Borkum. Haamstede, Harlingen, and List. Heavy night on Brest.
March 3rd
Cardiff suffers destructive night attack. We bomb Cologne severely.
March 4th
Commando raid on German interests in Lofoten Islands; 11 enemy ships sunk fish oil factories, storage tanks and power station destroyed; 225 prisoners taken. Cardiff raided again.
March 5th
Sixteen enemy aircraft destroyed over Malta. R.A.F. attack Boulogne docks.
March 7th
Destroyer “Dainty" reported sunk. Destructive raid on Midlands’s town.
March 8th
Heavy night raid on London, causing great damage. Athens announces further progress.
March 9th
Severe night raids on London and Portsmouth. Italian offensive in Albania opens.
March 10th
R.A.F. launch heavy night attacks on Boulogne. Cherbourg. Brest and Cologne.
March 11th
American Lease Lend Bill becomes law. Night raids on Kiel and Bremerhaven. Portsmouth bombed.
March 12th
R.A.F. makes heaviest raid of war on Berlin, also Hamburg and Bremen. Lager scale attack on Merseyside; nine enemy bombers destroyed. Heavy fighting reported in Albania.
March 13th
Very heavy night attack on Hamburg. Enemy makes prolonged attack on Clydeside, Merseyside and elsewhere. Thirteen bombers destroyed.
March 14th
Clydeside again attacked town in N.E. England has sharp raid. We bomb oil plants at Gelsenkirchen and Dusseldorf.
March 15th
Greeks report Italian offensive defeated with great loss. London is enemy‘s chief night target. R.A.F. raid Dusseldorf and Lorient
March 16th
Submarine “Snapper" considered lost. British recapture Berbera. Brit .Somaliland.  Heavy night raid on Bristol.
March 17th
British occupy Jikiga, Abyssinia. Night attacks on Bremen. Wilhelmshaven. Rotterdam, And Emden.
March 18th
Heavy night raid on Kiel. Enemy attacks Hull.
March 19th
British steadily advancing on Keren. Abyssinia. London heavily raided at night. We attack Cologne.
March 20th
British recapture Hargeisa. Brit. Somaliland. Main enemy night target is Plymouth. We raid Lorient.
March 21st
Jarabub, (Libya). Surrenders after 15 week siege. Plymouth again heavily raided. R.A.F. attack Lorient and Ostend. Crisis in Yugoslavia over proposed pact with Axis.
March 23rd
Capture of Neghelli, Abyssinia announced. Heavy night raids on Berlin Kiel, And Hanover. Thirteen stukas destroyed over Malta.
March 24th
Enemy troops occupy EI Agheila, Libya. British force Marda Pass west of Jijiga.
March 25th 
Yugoslavia joins Axis.
March 27th
 British capture Keren. Harare occupied. Prince Paul and Yugoslav Govt. deposed; King Peter assumes power and Gen. Simovich forms new Cabinet. Agreement for lease to U.S. of naval and air bases in Atlantic signed.
March 28th
Battle of Mattapan. Italy loses three cruisers and two destroyers; battleship damage. British ships untouched. R.A.F. bomb naval base of Brest.
March 29th 
British capture Diredawa. Night raid on Bristol Channel area.
March 30th
Heavy R.A.F. Raids on Scharnhorst and Gneisenau in dock at Brest. Calais and other invasion ports bombed. All Italian German and Danish ships in U.S. ports seized to prevent sabotage.
March 31st
 Powerful new bomb used during night attack on Emden; other German ports also attacked. In Libya British are in contact with enemy in Merse, Brega area. Destructive night raid on N.E. Coast town.
 

1942

 
March 1st
Russian offensive in Kerch peninsula and N. of Sevastopol. Japanese land in Mindanao.
March 2nd
General Sir Archibald Wavell reassumes command of India and Burma.
March 3rd
Japanese transports in Subic Bay attacked by General Mac Arthur’s air forces. General Wavell meets Chiang Kai-shek at Lashio. Burma. R.A.F. bombs French factories and ship yards in daylight attack the Renault works near -Paris at night.
March 4th
Lt. Gen. H. ter Poorten apptd C. in C.  Allied land forces and Rear Adm J.J. van Staveren C. in C. naval forces in S.W. Pacific Japanese reach west bank of Sittang River.
March 5th
Dutch evacuate Batavia, Governor of Burma leaves Rangoon. General Sir H.R.L.G. Alexander apptd G.O.C. Burma. Air Marshal Sir R. Peirse apptd A.O.C in C. India. In Britain National Service Acts extended to men of 41- 45.
March 7th
Rangoon evacuated.
March 8th
Big Japanese landings at Salamaua and Lae (New Guinea).
March 9th
Surrender of Java, Japanese occupies Bandung and Surabaya. Anglo-Greek Agreement for employment of Greek armed forces. Adm. H. Stark apptd to command U.S. Naval forces in Europe. German battleship “Tirpitz" attacked by our naval aircraft after leaving Trondheim.
March 10th
Japanese land at Buka (Solomons), enemy shipping in Salamaua harbour bombed by Allied aircraft. Chiang Kai–shek appts. Lieut- General Stillwell (U.S. Army) to command Chinese armies in Burma. Mr Eden tells Parliament of atrocities at Hong Kong.
March 12th
British garrison withdrawn from Andaman’s. Mr Oliver Lyttelton apptd Min. of Production.
March 14th
Gen. Sir H. Pownall apptd, to Ceylon Command.
March 15th
Vice- Admiral Sir Geoffrey Layton apptd. C. in C. Ceylon. Hitler speaks at the Zeughaus, Berlin.
March 17th
General Douglas Mac-Arthur, in Australia, takes up Allied Command, in Philippines Maj–Gen. Jonathan Wainwright takes over. Battle for Kharkov. Germans encircled at Staraya Russia.
March 18th
Successful Allied air attack on Japanese shipping etc. in New Guinea.
March 19th
Mr R. G. Casey apptd Min of State in Cairo and member British War Cabinet.
March 20th
Eighth Army units raid Rommel’s lines at Tmimi. Chinese Iraqian Treaty of Friendship.
March 22nd
Three day naval action in Mediterranean, small squadron under Rear–Adm Vian fights off strong enemy force attacking convoy to Malta. Loss of British submarine “P-38” announced.
March 23rd
Japanese occupy Andaman’s. British submarines sink two Italian submarines in Mediterranean. Sir Stafford Cripps arrives at Delhi with H.M. Govt’s proposals for Indian settlement.
March 24th
Corregidor heavily bombed. Formation of British Army Air Corps.
March 25th
Sir Stafford Cripps meets Congress Party and Moslem leaders.
March 26th
Three day air attack on Corregidor begins.
March 27th
General Blamey apptd. C. in C. Allied land forces in Australia, Pres. Quezon reaches Australia from Philippines. Sir Stafford Cripps meets Mr Gandhi. At night combined force of Navy Army and R.A.F. attack Nazi submarine base at St Nazaire, H.M.S. “Campbeltown” laden with explosives, rams dock gates and is then blown up.
March 28th
At night heavy R.A.F. raid on Luebeck.
March 29th
British Govt’s proposals for Indian settlement published. Allied convoy en route to Murmansk attacked by German naval force, which is dispersed by the escort.
March 30th
H.M. the King broadcasts. Loss of. Cruiser “Naiad" announced. Pacific War Council set up in Washington. Sir Stafford Cripps broadcasts to the peoples of India.
March 31st
Treaty of Amity between China and Turkey.
 

1943

 
March 1st
Marshal Timoshenko liberated 900 sq miles South and South and East of Lake Ilmen, including Demyansk. R.A.F. dropped great weight of bombs on Berlin in 30 minute raid, city without gas, light or water next day. Allies reoccupied Sbeitla and Feriana (Tunisia)
March 1st- 5th
Battle of the Bismarck Sea (New Guinea) 22 Japanese vessels all sunk by Allied aircraft.
March 3rd
Rzhev recaptured by Red Army. R.A.F. bomb Knaben molybdenum mines (Norway). Hamburg heavily raid by R.A.F.
March 4th
Daylight attack by U.S. Fortresses on Hamm and Rotterdam.
March 5th
Heavy concentrated R.A.F.  Night attack on Essen, 14 bombers lost. Mareth Line pounded for 90 minutes by heaviest barrage since EI Alamein.
March 6th
Gzhatsk recaptured by Soviet troops. Heavy daylight attack by Fortresses and Liberators on Lorient and Brest (France). Eighth Army withstood six heavy assaults by Afrika Korps.
March 8th
Rennes and Rouen bombed by day, at night hundreds of R.A.F.  Bombers (7 lost) bombed Nuremberg.
March 9th
Red Army retreated under heavy pressure to north bank of Donetz. Evacuating Lozovaya and other recently recaptured towns. Over 500 tons of bombs dropped on Munich by R.A.F. (11 aircraft lost.)
March 10th
Byely recaptured by Red Army. Establishment of U.S.A.  14th A.F. (in place of China Air Task Force) announced in Chunking.
March 11th
R.A.F. bombed Stuttgart.
March 12th
Soviet forces recaptured Vyazma, Soviet withdrawal from west of Kharkov. Rouen bombed by day, very heavy concentrated night attack on Essen. Daylight attack on greater London by 24 F.W190s.
March 13th
Japanese convoy of eight ships in Huon Gulf attacked two destroyed, three others hit.
March 14th
Light forces of the Royal Norwegian Navy penetrated into Floroe harbour (90 miles north of Bergen) and sank two supply ships.
March 15th
Kharkov evacuated by Russians. Heavy fighting in Rathedaung area (Burma). Japanese flung back in disorder in Hupeh Province (China). Darwin bombed by 24 Zeros.  U.S. aircraft made six heavy raids on Kiska.
March 16th
Three heavy raids by U.S. aircraft on Kiska. British light coastal forces torpedoed two large supply ships off Terschelling (Holland)
March 18th
American bombers attacked Vegesack U Boat yards (15 miles N. W. of Bremen). U.S. heavy bombers based on N. Africa attacked Naples by day and night.
March 20th
Field Marshal Wavell visited Arakan front (Burma)
March 20th -21st
Full scale assault launched on Mareth Line (Tunisia) by General Montgomery.
March 21st
Red Army evacuated Byelgorod, recaptured in the Kuban. Sened and Bou Hamra captured by Americans (Tunisia)
March 22nd
Durovo recaptured by Red Army, which also repulsed German attempts to cross Upper Donetz.  Eighth Army drove bridgehead into Mareth Line, British armoured column sweeping west of Matmata Hills
March 23rd
Bitter and bloody fighting on Mareth Line. Japanese aircraft in Rabaul area heavily bombed
March 25th
Heavy fighting continued in Mareth Line. U.S. Liberators dropped great weight of 2, 000 lb bombs on Rabaul; made four raids on Kiska.
March 26th
R.A.F.  Attacked Duisburg (Ruhr)
March 27th
Heaviest R.A.F. attack to date on Berlin; 900 tons of bombs dropped.
March 28th
First train ran from Moscow to Veliki Luki since 1941. Eighth Army occupied Mareth Line and captured Mareth Toujane and Matmata. Strong R.A.F. attack on St Nazaire (France)
March 29th
Berlin heavily bombed by strong British force (21 lost). Gabes and EI Hamma occupied by Eighth Army. (Tunisia)
March 30th
Metouia and Oudref occupied by Eighth Army; Sedjenane by First (Tunisia)
March 31st
U.S.A.A.F. bombed Rotterdam. R.A.F. attacked enemy oil installations at Bhamo (Burma)
 

1944

 
March 1st
Over 600 R.A.F. bombers attacked Germany at night, Stuttgart main target.
March 4th
First daylight attack on Berlin by U.S.A. 8th A.F.
March 5th
“Chindit" air invasion of Burma began.
March 6th
Russians captured Volochisk. Major daylight assault by U.S. bombers on Berlin. U.S. Marines landed near Talasea (New Britain).
March 7th
Loss of H.M.S. “Penelope" (“Pepperpot”) off Anzio announced.
March 8th
Major daylight blow at Berlin by 2,000 American aircraft.
March 9th
Russians broke into Trnopol. Strong U.S. bomber formations made day attack on Berlin.
March 10th
Russian capture of Uman and Kristinovka announced. U.S. Marines captured town and air base of Talase (New Britain).
March 11th
Russians captured Berislavl.
March 12th
14th Army captured Buthidaung and Razabil (Burma)
March 13th
Red Army captured Kherson. British and West African troops landed on Arakan coast 15miles below Razabil; 17th Indian Division withdrew from Tiddim (Burma).
March 15th
Russians crossed the Bug on 60 mile front. R.A.F.  Dropped over 3,000 tons on Germany, Stuttgart main target. M.A.A.F.  Dropped 1,400 tons on Cassino in 3 ½ Hours, artillery tank and infantry attack then secured two thirds of town (Italy). M.A.A.F. bombed Sofia (Bulgaria). U.S. troops landed on Manus I. (Admiralties) sharp attack by U.S. Liberators on Truk (Carolinas).
March 16th
Red Army captured Vapnyarka.  Heavy night attack by R.A.F.  On Sofia (Bulgaria). Wewak (New Guinea) and Kurile Is. Bombed by Allied aircraft.
March 17th
Red Army captured Dubno.  U.S.A. 15th A.F.  Gave Vienna its first air raid. Americans captured Lorengau airfield (Manus. Admiralties). Wewak (New Guinea) and Kurile Is. Bombed by Allies. Japanese launched attack on Assam.
March 18th
Soviet forces captured Zhmerinka. 1,500 – 2,000 planes of U.S.A. 8th A. F. bombed. Augsburg. Ffriedrichshafen and other targets in South Germany, Frankfort – on Main chief target for R.A.F.  Night attack. U.S, troops captured Lorengau (Manus Admiralties).
March 19th
Russians advanced to the Dniester. Germans crossed Hungarian frontier and started to occupy Hungary. Allied aircraft bombed Klagenfurt and Graz (Austria). U.S. Marines occupied Emirau Island. Allied aircraft sank 2 Japanese troopships and 3 corvettes off New Guinea, and bombed Surabaya (Java).
March 20th
Soviet forces captured Mogilev Podolski and Vinnitsa. Chinese under Gen. Stilwell cleared Japanese from Hukawng Valley (Burma).
March 22nd
Red Army captured Pervomaisk. Heavy day attack by U.S.A. 8th A.F. on Berlin; R.A.F. dropped more then 3,000 tons on Frankfort – on Main.
March 23rd
1,750 American planes attacked Hamm and other targets.
March 24th
R.A.F. Bombers dropped over 2,500 tons on Berlin. Chinese captured Shaduzup; Major General O.C. Wingate killed in air accident (Burma).
March 25th
Proskurov captured by Russians.
March 26th
Red Army reached the Prut (Soviet frontier) on 55 mile front, captured Kamenetz Podolski. U.S. planes bombed military installations in Pas – de Calais and Cherbourg areas, R.A.F. Made night saturation attack on Essen. Fighting in Cassino, continuous since 15th, died down to artillery duel (Italy).
March 27th
Russians forced the Upper Dniester. U.S.A. 8th A.F. bombed enemy aerodromes in France.
March 28th
Red Army captured Nikolaiev. U.S. heavy bombers attacked enemy airfields in France.
March 29th
Red Army captured Kolomyja. U.S. Fortresses bombed Brunswick. 14th Army captured western tunnel on Maungdaw – Buthidaung road (Burma). U.S. naval task force attacked Palau Is. 23 enemy ships sunk, 6 probably sunk 11 damaged.
March 30th
Red Army captured Cernauti capital of Bukovina. 1,000 R.A.F.  Bombers attacked Nuremberg at night. Heavy M.A.A.F. attack on Sofia (Bulgaria).
March 30th -31st
203 Japanese air craft destroyed in two air attacks on Hollandia (New Guinea).
March 31st
Russians captured Ochakov. Americans heavily bombed Truk (Carolinas).
 

1945

 
March 1st
Capture of Munchen Gladbach and Rheydt by U.S. 9th Army disclosed. U.S. 3rd Army took Oberzerf (Saar River).  Over 1,200 U.S.A. 8th A. F.  “heavies" attacked Baden and Wurttemberg; by night. R.A.F.  Bombed Berlin. U. S. troops landed on Palawan (Philippines). Iran declared war on Japan; Saudi Arabia on Germany and Japan.
March 2nd
German 15th Army in retreat across the Rhine; announced that U.S. 9th Army had captured Krefeld. Venlo. And Roermond and was on the Rhine opposite Dusseldorf; U.S. 3rd Army took Trier; British troops with 1st Canadian Army took Weeze on the Niers.  R. A. F.  Struck heavily at Cologne gave Berlin its eleventh successive nightly raid. U.S. forces seized Lubang Island (Philippines).
March 3rd
R. A. F. breached Dortmund Ems canal at Ladbergen (night). Red Army captured Pollnow (Pomerania). Marianas based Super Fortresses bombed Tokyo. Japanese forces on Iwo Jima cut in two. For the first time since June 1944, piloted aircraft bombed Britain.
March 4th
1st and 2nd White Russian Armies reached Baltic, isolating vast German forces from Kolberg area to the East Prussian border. Announced that Australians on Bougainville had cleared Downs Ridge.
March 5th
R.A.F. heavily bombed oil plants near Leipzig. First White Russian Army captured Stargard, Naugard and Polzin; Red Air Force attacked Konigsberg and Stettin.  Four–fifths of Iwo Jima in U. S. hands
March 6th
U. S, 1st Army captured Cologne. Second White Russian Army took Polish city of Grudziadz (Graudenz).
March 7th
U. S. 3rd Army reached Rhine N. W. of Coblenz. R.A.F.  Heavily bombed Dessau (night). Russian took Starogard (in former Polish Corridor). Fourteenth Army captured Madaya and Pakokku (Upper Burma). Chinese 1st Army occupied Old Lashio.
March 8th
U. S. 1st Army captured Rhine Bridge at Remagen. “Heavies" of the U.S.A. 8th A. F.  Attacked Dortmund and Gelsenkirchen in strength.  R. A. F.  Bombed Hamburg and Berlin. Nineteenth Division entered outskirts of Mandalay. Chinese captured New Lashio.
March 9th
U.S. troops took Bonn, British forces captured Xanten. Second White Russian Army seized Stolp (North Pomerania) to complete encirclement of Danzig.  Marianas based Super Fortresses heavily bombed Tokyo.  U.S.  Troops landed on Mindanao (Philippines).
March 10th
Germans withdrew from Wesel bridge- head, blowing up Wesel bridges. Russians captured Lauenburg and Kartuzy. Near Danzig.
March 11th
West bank of Rhine from Nijmegen to the Moselle in Alsace, under Allied control. R.A.F. heavily bombed Essen by day. Berlin received its 20th consecutive night raid. Marianas based Super Fortresses attacked Nagoya. Dr Benes and his Government left London for Slovakia.
March 12th
R.A.F. Lancasters and Halifax have made heaviest attack of the war to date at Dortmund. Russians captured Kistrzin on the Oder.
March 13th
U.S.A. 15th A. F.  Bombed Regensburg area (Bavaria). Heavy attack by Marianas based Super Fortresses on Osaka. Maymyo (Burma) captured. British 36th Division took Mong Mit (Shan States).
March 14th
U.S.A. 8th A. F.  Heavily bombed Hanover and the Ruhr. R. A. F. demolished Bielefeld viaducts, using 10 ton “Grand Slam" bomb for the first time. Russians captured Zvolen in Czechoslovakia. U.S.A. 15th A. F. and Soviet bombers, fighting together for the first time simultaneously attack Novy Zamky (Slovakia). U. S. troops land on Bomblon and Simara (Philippines).
March 14th -15th
Norwegian Commando force, trained in Britain, seriously disrupted enemy communications in Norway.
March 15th
          U.S. A. 8th A. F. bombed German General Staff H.Q. at Zossen 20 miles South of Berlin. R. A. F.  Attacked Gestapo H. Q. at Copenhagen. Russians took Griefehagen South of Stettin. Kobe (Japan) heavily bombed by U. S. Super Fortresses. All Iwo Jima in U. S. hands.
March 17th
U. S. A. 8th A. F. heavily bombed Leipzig, Dresden and Hanover areas, by night R. A. F. attacked Berlin. Two German destroyers sunk off Corsica by H. M. destroyers “Lookout" and “Meteor", Rangoon bombed.
March 18th
U. S. 3rd Army captured Coblenz. Over 1,300 U.S.A. 8th A. F. Liberators and Fortresses bombed Berlin by daylight. First White Russian Army took Kolberg. Baltic seaport. U.S.A. 15th A. F. attacked communications in Yugoslavia. Austria and Hungary. U.S.  Carrier based aircraft struck heavily at Japanese Fleet in the Inland Sea. Queen Wilhelmina visited Netherlands.
March 19th
U.S.A. 8th A. F.  Bombed jet – plane plant at Baumenheim (North of Augsburg).  R. A. F.  Destroyed Arnsberg viaduct, near Hamm with 22,000 lb bombs. British 2nd Division captured Ava (Burma); other 14th Army troops took Amarapura. U. S. forces landed on Panay (Philippines).
March 20th
German resistance collapsed W. of the Rhine. Saarbrucken. Zweibrucken. Kaiserslautern and Worms captured,   Mainz overrun. Red Army took Braunsberg (E. Prussia) and Altdamm on the Oder. British recaptured Mandalay, British 36th Division took Mogok. Capture of But airfield, New Guinea, by Australians announced.
March 21st
U.S. 3rd Army captured Ludwigshaven. R.A.F. Mosquitoes scored direct hits on Gestapo H. Q. in Copenhagen. U.S. forces captured Iloilo (Panay) and San Fernando (Luzon).
March 22nd
Heavy Allied air attacks on enemy communications leading to the Lower Rhine, announced that Field Marshal von Rundstedt had been replaced by Field Marshal Kesselring as German C. in C. in the west.  First Ukrainian Army opened offensive in Upper Silesia S. W. of Oppeln, capturing Neustadt on Czechoslovak border. Rangoon bombed.
March 22nd – 23rd
(Night) U.S. 3rd Army established solid bridge head across the Rhine South of Mainz.
March 23rd
U.S. 3rd Army captured Speyer, heavy Allied air attacks on enemy front on the Lower Rhine. R. A. F.  Lancasters dropped 22,000lb bombs on rail bridge across the Weser at Bremen. Russians took Zoppot, between Danzig and Gdynia.  U. S.  "heavies” bombed Formosa.
March 23rd -24th
U. S. carrier based aircraft heavily attacked Ryukyu Islands.
March 24th
Twenty First Army crossings of the Rhine, north of the Ruhr, in great strength, British 6th and U.S. 17th Airborne Divisions dropped behind East bank of the river. U.S.A. 15th A. F. based in Italy, bombed Berlin for the first time. Third Ukrainian Army went over to the offensive S. W. of Budapest, recapturing Szekesfehervar. Vesprzem. and Zirc.  Fire watching duties abolished in the United Kingdom.
March 25th
Mr Churchill and Field Marshal Montgomery crossed the Rhine and visited British troops in newly won areas. U. S. 3rd Army captured Darmstadt; Ludwigshaven cleared. Russians retook Esztergom, seized Heiligenbeil, last enemy defence point on the Frisches Haff; Red Air Force heavily bombed Danzig. IN Burma 14th Army captured Kume and Langwa.
March 26th
U.S. 3rd Army, entering Bavaria, penetrated Aschaffenburf and seized bridge across the Main. Russians captured Banska Bystrice (Slovakia) and Papa (Hungary); Red Air Force bombed Danzig in strength. Fourteenth Army took Myittha on the Mandalay – Rangoon railway. U. S. troops made new landing on Cebu (Philippines).
March 27th
All organized resistance on 21st Army Group front ceased. U.S. 7th Army crossed Rhine North of Mannheim.  R.A.F.  attacked U Boat pens at Vegesack (Bremen) with 10 ton bombs. Russians captured 14 suburbs of Danzig. Super Fortresses attacked Kyushu. U. S. aircraft and warships pounded Ryukyus. Last V-2 fell in England, at Orpington Kent.
March 28th
Tanks of the U.S. 1st Army entered Giessen, North of Frankfort on Main. U.S. 3rd Army took Wiesbaden and Aschaffenburg. 2nd White Russian Army captured Gdynia; other Soviet forces took Gyor on the Raba River and Komarom on the Danube. Cebu City (Philippines) occupied. Australian capture of Dagua (New Guinea) Announced.
March 29th
Mannheim surrendered to U.S. 7th Army, 21st Army Group offensive from the Lower Rhine bridge head began at dawn. Third Ukrainian Army reached the Austrian border, captured Koszeg.
March 30th
Americans captured Heidelberg and Frankfort on Main. U.S.A. 8th A. F.  heavily bombed Hamburg. Bremen. and Wilhelmshaven. Second White Russian Army captured Danzig. Super Fortresses bombed Nagoya.
March 31st
U.S. 7th Army crossed Tauber River East of Darmstadt; French 1st Army crossed Rhine in the Speyer area. General Eisenhower called on the Wehrmacht to surrender. R. A. F.  bombed U.Boat yards at Hamburg. Russians captured Ratibor (Silesia) and Szent Gotthard (Hungary) crossed Vag River (South Slovakia). British Fleet attacked the Saki Islands (Ryukyus).


 

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